LCOV - code coverage report
Current view: top level - src/include/lib - simplehash.h (source / functions) Hit Total Coverage
Test: PostgreSQL 16devel Lines: 227 267 85.0 %
Date: 2022-12-05 11:11:09 Functions: 138 163 84.7 %
Legend: Lines: hit not hit

          Line data    Source code
       1             : /*
       2             :  * simplehash.h
       3             :  *
       4             :  *    When included this file generates a "templated" (by way of macros)
       5             :  *    open-addressing hash table implementation specialized to user-defined
       6             :  *    types.
       7             :  *
       8             :  *    It's probably not worthwhile to generate such a specialized implementation
       9             :  *    for hash tables that aren't performance or space sensitive.
      10             :  *
      11             :  *    Compared to dynahash, simplehash has the following benefits:
      12             :  *
      13             :  *    - Due to the "templated" code generation has known structure sizes and no
      14             :  *      indirect function calls (which show up substantially in dynahash
      15             :  *      profiles). These features considerably increase speed for small
      16             :  *      entries.
      17             :  *    - Open addressing has better CPU cache behavior than dynahash's chained
      18             :  *      hashtables.
      19             :  *    - The generated interface is type-safe and easier to use than dynahash,
      20             :  *      though at the cost of more complex setup.
      21             :  *    - Allocates memory in a MemoryContext or another allocator with a
      22             :  *      malloc/free style interface (which isn't easily usable in a shared
      23             :  *      memory context)
      24             :  *    - Does not require the overhead of a separate memory context.
      25             :  *
      26             :  * Usage notes:
      27             :  *
      28             :  *    To generate a hash-table and associated functions for a use case several
      29             :  *    macros have to be #define'ed before this file is included.  Including
      30             :  *    the file #undef's all those, so a new hash table can be generated
      31             :  *    afterwards.
      32             :  *    The relevant parameters are:
      33             :  *    - SH_PREFIX - prefix for all symbol names generated. A prefix of 'foo'
      34             :  *      will result in hash table type 'foo_hash' and functions like
      35             :  *      'foo_insert'/'foo_lookup' and so forth.
      36             :  *    - SH_ELEMENT_TYPE - type of the contained elements
      37             :  *    - SH_KEY_TYPE - type of the hashtable's key
      38             :  *    - SH_DECLARE - if defined function prototypes and type declarations are
      39             :  *      generated
      40             :  *    - SH_DEFINE - if defined function definitions are generated
      41             :  *    - SH_SCOPE - in which scope (e.g. extern, static inline) do function
      42             :  *      declarations reside
      43             :  *    - SH_RAW_ALLOCATOR - if defined, memory contexts are not used; instead,
      44             :  *      use this to allocate bytes. The allocator must zero the returned space.
      45             :  *    - SH_USE_NONDEFAULT_ALLOCATOR - if defined no element allocator functions
      46             :  *      are defined, so you can supply your own
      47             :  *    The following parameters are only relevant when SH_DEFINE is defined:
      48             :  *    - SH_KEY - name of the element in SH_ELEMENT_TYPE containing the hash key
      49             :  *    - SH_EQUAL(table, a, b) - compare two table keys
      50             :  *    - SH_HASH_KEY(table, key) - generate hash for the key
      51             :  *    - SH_STORE_HASH - if defined the hash is stored in the elements
      52             :  *    - SH_GET_HASH(tb, a) - return the field to store the hash in
      53             :  *
      54             :  *    The element type is required to contain a "status" member that can store
      55             :  *    the range of values defined in the SH_STATUS enum.
      56             :  *
      57             :  *    While SH_STORE_HASH (and subsequently SH_GET_HASH) are optional, because
      58             :  *    the hash table implementation needs to compare hashes to move elements
      59             :  *    (particularly when growing the hash), it's preferable, if possible, to
      60             :  *    store the element's hash in the element's data type. If the hash is so
      61             :  *    stored, the hash table will also compare hashes before calling SH_EQUAL
      62             :  *    when comparing two keys.
      63             :  *
      64             :  *    For convenience the hash table create functions accept a void pointer
      65             :  *    that will be stored in the hash table type's member private_data. This
      66             :  *    allows callbacks to reference caller provided data.
      67             :  *
      68             :  *    For examples of usage look at tidbitmap.c (file local definition) and
      69             :  *    execnodes.h/execGrouping.c (exposed declaration, file local
      70             :  *    implementation).
      71             :  *
      72             :  * Hash table design:
      73             :  *
      74             :  *    The hash table design chosen is a variant of linear open-addressing. The
      75             :  *    reason for doing so is that linear addressing is CPU cache & pipeline
      76             :  *    friendly. The biggest disadvantage of simple linear addressing schemes
      77             :  *    are highly variable lookup times due to clustering, and deletions
      78             :  *    leaving a lot of tombstones around.  To address these issues a variant
      79             :  *    of "robin hood" hashing is employed.  Robin hood hashing optimizes
      80             :  *    chaining lengths by moving elements close to their optimal bucket
      81             :  *    ("rich" elements), out of the way if a to-be-inserted element is further
      82             :  *    away from its optimal position (i.e. it's "poor").  While that can make
      83             :  *    insertions slower, the average lookup performance is a lot better, and
      84             :  *    higher fill factors can be used in a still performant manner.  To avoid
      85             :  *    tombstones - which normally solve the issue that a deleted node's
      86             :  *    presence is relevant to determine whether a lookup needs to continue
      87             :  *    looking or is done - buckets following a deleted element are shifted
      88             :  *    backwards, unless they're empty or already at their optimal position.
      89             :  *
      90             :  * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2022, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
      91             :  * Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
      92             :  *
      93             :  * src/include/lib/simplehash.h
      94             :  */
      95             : 
      96             : #include "port/pg_bitutils.h"
      97             : 
      98             : /* helpers */
      99             : #define SH_MAKE_PREFIX(a) CppConcat(a,_)
     100             : #define SH_MAKE_NAME(name) SH_MAKE_NAME_(SH_MAKE_PREFIX(SH_PREFIX),name)
     101             : #define SH_MAKE_NAME_(a,b) CppConcat(a,b)
     102             : 
     103             : /* name macros for: */
     104             : 
     105             : /* type declarations */
     106             : #define SH_TYPE SH_MAKE_NAME(hash)
     107             : #define SH_STATUS SH_MAKE_NAME(status)
     108             : #define SH_STATUS_EMPTY SH_MAKE_NAME(SH_EMPTY)
     109             : #define SH_STATUS_IN_USE SH_MAKE_NAME(SH_IN_USE)
     110             : #define SH_ITERATOR SH_MAKE_NAME(iterator)
     111             : 
     112             : /* function declarations */
     113             : #define SH_CREATE SH_MAKE_NAME(create)
     114             : #define SH_DESTROY SH_MAKE_NAME(destroy)
     115             : #define SH_RESET SH_MAKE_NAME(reset)
     116             : #define SH_INSERT SH_MAKE_NAME(insert)
     117             : #define SH_INSERT_HASH SH_MAKE_NAME(insert_hash)
     118             : #define SH_DELETE_ITEM SH_MAKE_NAME(delete_item)
     119             : #define SH_DELETE SH_MAKE_NAME(delete)
     120             : #define SH_LOOKUP SH_MAKE_NAME(lookup)
     121             : #define SH_LOOKUP_HASH SH_MAKE_NAME(lookup_hash)
     122             : #define SH_GROW SH_MAKE_NAME(grow)
     123             : #define SH_START_ITERATE SH_MAKE_NAME(start_iterate)
     124             : #define SH_START_ITERATE_AT SH_MAKE_NAME(start_iterate_at)
     125             : #define SH_ITERATE SH_MAKE_NAME(iterate)
     126             : #define SH_ALLOCATE SH_MAKE_NAME(allocate)
     127             : #define SH_FREE SH_MAKE_NAME(free)
     128             : #define SH_STAT SH_MAKE_NAME(stat)
     129             : 
     130             : /* internal helper functions (no externally visible prototypes) */
     131             : #define SH_COMPUTE_PARAMETERS SH_MAKE_NAME(compute_parameters)
     132             : #define SH_NEXT SH_MAKE_NAME(next)
     133             : #define SH_PREV SH_MAKE_NAME(prev)
     134             : #define SH_DISTANCE_FROM_OPTIMAL SH_MAKE_NAME(distance)
     135             : #define SH_INITIAL_BUCKET SH_MAKE_NAME(initial_bucket)
     136             : #define SH_ENTRY_HASH SH_MAKE_NAME(entry_hash)
     137             : #define SH_INSERT_HASH_INTERNAL SH_MAKE_NAME(insert_hash_internal)
     138             : #define SH_LOOKUP_HASH_INTERNAL SH_MAKE_NAME(lookup_hash_internal)
     139             : 
     140             : /* generate forward declarations necessary to use the hash table */
     141             : #ifdef SH_DECLARE
     142             : 
     143             : /* type definitions */
     144             : typedef struct SH_TYPE
     145             : {
     146             :     /*
     147             :      * Size of data / bucket array, 64 bits to handle UINT32_MAX sized hash
     148             :      * tables.  Note that the maximum number of elements is lower
     149             :      * (SH_MAX_FILLFACTOR)
     150             :      */
     151             :     uint64      size;
     152             : 
     153             :     /* how many elements have valid contents */
     154             :     uint32      members;
     155             : 
     156             :     /* mask for bucket and size calculations, based on size */
     157             :     uint32      sizemask;
     158             : 
     159             :     /* boundary after which to grow hashtable */
     160             :     uint32      grow_threshold;
     161             : 
     162             :     /* hash buckets */
     163             :     SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *data;
     164             : 
     165             : #ifndef SH_RAW_ALLOCATOR
     166             :     /* memory context to use for allocations */
     167             :     MemoryContext ctx;
     168             : #endif
     169             : 
     170             :     /* user defined data, useful for callbacks */
     171             :     void       *private_data;
     172             : }           SH_TYPE;
     173             : 
     174             : typedef enum SH_STATUS
     175             : {
     176             :     SH_STATUS_EMPTY = 0x00,
     177             :     SH_STATUS_IN_USE = 0x01
     178             : } SH_STATUS;
     179             : 
     180             : typedef struct SH_ITERATOR
     181             : {
     182             :     uint32      cur;            /* current element */
     183             :     uint32      end;
     184             :     bool        done;           /* iterator exhausted? */
     185             : }           SH_ITERATOR;
     186             : 
     187             : /* externally visible function prototypes */
     188             : #ifdef SH_RAW_ALLOCATOR
     189             : /* <prefix>_hash <prefix>_create(uint32 nelements, void *private_data) */
     190             : SH_SCOPE    SH_TYPE *SH_CREATE(uint32 nelements, void *private_data);
     191             : #else
     192             : /*
     193             :  * <prefix>_hash <prefix>_create(MemoryContext ctx, uint32 nelements,
     194             :  *                               void *private_data)
     195             :  */
     196             : SH_SCOPE    SH_TYPE *SH_CREATE(MemoryContext ctx, uint32 nelements,
     197             :                                void *private_data);
     198             : #endif
     199             : 
     200             : /* void <prefix>_destroy(<prefix>_hash *tb) */
     201             : SH_SCOPE void SH_DESTROY(SH_TYPE * tb);
     202             : 
     203             : /* void <prefix>_reset(<prefix>_hash *tb) */
     204             : SH_SCOPE void SH_RESET(SH_TYPE * tb);
     205             : 
     206             : /* void <prefix>_grow(<prefix>_hash *tb, uint64 newsize) */
     207             : SH_SCOPE void SH_GROW(SH_TYPE * tb, uint64 newsize);
     208             : 
     209             : /* <element> *<prefix>_insert(<prefix>_hash *tb, <key> key, bool *found) */
     210             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *SH_INSERT(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key, bool *found);
     211             : 
     212             : /*
     213             :  * <element> *<prefix>_insert_hash(<prefix>_hash *tb, <key> key, uint32 hash,
     214             :  *                                bool *found)
     215             :  */
     216             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *SH_INSERT_HASH(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key,
     217             :                                             uint32 hash, bool *found);
     218             : 
     219             : /* <element> *<prefix>_lookup(<prefix>_hash *tb, <key> key) */
     220             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *SH_LOOKUP(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key);
     221             : 
     222             : /* <element> *<prefix>_lookup_hash(<prefix>_hash *tb, <key> key, uint32 hash) */
     223             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *SH_LOOKUP_HASH(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key,
     224             :                                             uint32 hash);
     225             : 
     226             : /* void <prefix>_delete_item(<prefix>_hash *tb, <element> *entry) */
     227             : SH_SCOPE void SH_DELETE_ITEM(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_ELEMENT_TYPE * entry);
     228             : 
     229             : /* bool <prefix>_delete(<prefix>_hash *tb, <key> key) */
     230             : SH_SCOPE bool SH_DELETE(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key);
     231             : 
     232             : /* void <prefix>_start_iterate(<prefix>_hash *tb, <prefix>_iterator *iter) */
     233             : SH_SCOPE void SH_START_ITERATE(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_ITERATOR * iter);
     234             : 
     235             : /*
     236             :  * void <prefix>_start_iterate_at(<prefix>_hash *tb, <prefix>_iterator *iter,
     237             :  *                                uint32 at)
     238             :  */
     239             : SH_SCOPE void SH_START_ITERATE_AT(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_ITERATOR * iter, uint32 at);
     240             : 
     241             : /* <element> *<prefix>_iterate(<prefix>_hash *tb, <prefix>_iterator *iter) */
     242             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *SH_ITERATE(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_ITERATOR * iter);
     243             : 
     244             : /* void <prefix>_stat(<prefix>_hash *tb */
     245             : SH_SCOPE void SH_STAT(SH_TYPE * tb);
     246             : 
     247             : #endif                          /* SH_DECLARE */
     248             : 
     249             : 
     250             : /* generate implementation of the hash table */
     251             : #ifdef SH_DEFINE
     252             : 
     253             : #ifndef SH_RAW_ALLOCATOR
     254             : #include "utils/memutils.h"
     255             : #endif
     256             : 
     257             : /* max data array size,we allow up to PG_UINT32_MAX buckets, including 0 */
     258             : #define SH_MAX_SIZE (((uint64) PG_UINT32_MAX) + 1)
     259             : 
     260             : /* normal fillfactor, unless already close to maximum */
     261             : #ifndef SH_FILLFACTOR
     262             : #define SH_FILLFACTOR (0.9)
     263             : #endif
     264             : /* increase fillfactor if we otherwise would error out */
     265             : #define SH_MAX_FILLFACTOR (0.98)
     266             : /* grow if actual and optimal location bigger than */
     267             : #ifndef SH_GROW_MAX_DIB
     268             : #define SH_GROW_MAX_DIB 25
     269             : #endif
     270             : /* grow if more than elements to move when inserting */
     271             : #ifndef SH_GROW_MAX_MOVE
     272             : #define SH_GROW_MAX_MOVE 150
     273             : #endif
     274             : #ifndef SH_GROW_MIN_FILLFACTOR
     275             : /* but do not grow due to SH_GROW_MAX_* if below */
     276             : #define SH_GROW_MIN_FILLFACTOR 0.1
     277             : #endif
     278             : 
     279             : #ifdef SH_STORE_HASH
     280             : #define SH_COMPARE_KEYS(tb, ahash, akey, b) (ahash == SH_GET_HASH(tb, b) && SH_EQUAL(tb, b->SH_KEY, akey))
     281             : #else
     282             : #define SH_COMPARE_KEYS(tb, ahash, akey, b) (SH_EQUAL(tb, b->SH_KEY, akey))
     283             : #endif
     284             : 
     285             : /*
     286             :  * Wrap the following definitions in include guards, to avoid multiple
     287             :  * definition errors if this header is included more than once.  The rest of
     288             :  * the file deliberately has no include guards, because it can be included
     289             :  * with different parameters to define functions and types with non-colliding
     290             :  * names.
     291             :  */
     292             : #ifndef SIMPLEHASH_H
     293             : #define SIMPLEHASH_H
     294             : 
     295             : #ifdef FRONTEND
     296             : #define sh_error(...) pg_fatal(__VA_ARGS__)
     297             : #define sh_log(...) pg_log_info(__VA_ARGS__)
     298             : #else
     299             : #define sh_error(...) elog(ERROR, __VA_ARGS__)
     300             : #define sh_log(...) elog(LOG, __VA_ARGS__)
     301             : #endif
     302             : 
     303             : #endif
     304             : 
     305             : /*
     306             :  * Compute sizing parameters for hashtable. Called when creating and growing
     307             :  * the hashtable.
     308             :  */
     309             : static inline void
     310       45456 : SH_COMPUTE_PARAMETERS(SH_TYPE * tb, uint64 newsize)
     311             : {
     312             :     uint64      size;
     313             : 
     314             :     /* supporting zero sized hashes would complicate matters */
     315       45456 :     size = Max(newsize, 2);
     316             : 
     317             :     /* round up size to the next power of 2, that's how bucketing works */
     318       45456 :     size = pg_nextpower2_64(size);
     319             :     Assert(size <= SH_MAX_SIZE);
     320             : 
     321             :     /*
     322             :      * Verify that allocation of ->data is possible on this platform, without
     323             :      * overflowing Size.
     324             :      */
     325       45456 :     if (unlikely((((uint64) sizeof(SH_ELEMENT_TYPE)) * size) >= SIZE_MAX / 2))
     326           0 :         sh_error("hash table too large");
     327             : 
     328             :     /* now set size */
     329       45456 :     tb->size = size;
     330       45456 :     tb->sizemask = (uint32) (size - 1);
     331             : 
     332             :     /*
     333             :      * Compute the next threshold at which we need to grow the hash table
     334             :      * again.
     335             :      */
     336       45456 :     if (tb->size == SH_MAX_SIZE)
     337           0 :         tb->grow_threshold = ((double) tb->size) * SH_MAX_FILLFACTOR;
     338             :     else
     339       45456 :         tb->grow_threshold = ((double) tb->size) * SH_FILLFACTOR;
     340       45456 : }
     341             : 
     342             : /* return the optimal bucket for the hash */
     343             : static inline uint32
     344    37399696 : SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(SH_TYPE * tb, uint32 hash)
     345             : {
     346    37399696 :     return hash & tb->sizemask;
     347             : }
     348             : 
     349             : /* return next bucket after the current, handling wraparound */
     350             : static inline uint32
     351    17501410 : SH_NEXT(SH_TYPE * tb, uint32 curelem, uint32 startelem)
     352             : {
     353    17501410 :     curelem = (curelem + 1) & tb->sizemask;
     354             : 
     355             :     Assert(curelem != startelem);
     356             : 
     357    17501410 :     return curelem;
     358             : }
     359             : 
     360             : /* return bucket before the current, handling wraparound */
     361             : static inline uint32
     362     3013044 : SH_PREV(SH_TYPE * tb, uint32 curelem, uint32 startelem)
     363             : {
     364     3013044 :     curelem = (curelem - 1) & tb->sizemask;
     365             : 
     366             :     Assert(curelem != startelem);
     367             : 
     368     3013044 :     return curelem;
     369             : }
     370             : 
     371             : /* return distance between bucket and its optimal position */
     372             : static inline uint32
     373     9987792 : SH_DISTANCE_FROM_OPTIMAL(SH_TYPE * tb, uint32 optimal, uint32 bucket)
     374             : {
     375     9987792 :     if (optimal <= bucket)
     376     9961876 :         return bucket - optimal;
     377             :     else
     378       25916 :         return (tb->size + bucket) - optimal;
     379             : }
     380             : 
     381             : static inline uint32
     382    11175740 : SH_ENTRY_HASH(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_ELEMENT_TYPE * entry)
     383             : {
     384             : #ifdef SH_STORE_HASH
     385     3532146 :     return SH_GET_HASH(tb, entry);
     386             : #else
     387     7643594 :     return SH_HASH_KEY(tb, entry->SH_KEY);
     388             : #endif
     389             : }
     390             : 
     391             : /* default memory allocator function */
     392             : static inline void *SH_ALLOCATE(SH_TYPE * type, Size size);
     393             : static inline void SH_FREE(SH_TYPE * type, void *pointer);
     394             : 
     395             : #ifndef SH_USE_NONDEFAULT_ALLOCATOR
     396             : 
     397             : /* default memory allocator function */
     398             : static inline void *
     399       36206 : SH_ALLOCATE(SH_TYPE * type, Size size)
     400             : {
     401             : #ifdef SH_RAW_ALLOCATOR
     402         410 :     return SH_RAW_ALLOCATOR(size);
     403             : #else
     404       35796 :     return MemoryContextAllocExtended(type->ctx, size,
     405             :                                       MCXT_ALLOC_HUGE | MCXT_ALLOC_ZERO);
     406             : #endif
     407             : }
     408             : 
     409             : /* default memory free function */
     410             : static inline void
     411       26054 : SH_FREE(SH_TYPE * type, void *pointer)
     412             : {
     413       26054 :     pfree(pointer);
     414       26054 : }
     415             : 
     416             : #endif
     417             : 
     418             : /*
     419             :  * Create a hash table with enough space for `nelements` distinct members.
     420             :  * Memory for the hash table is allocated from the passed-in context.  If
     421             :  * desired, the array of elements can be allocated using a passed-in allocator;
     422             :  * this could be useful in order to place the array of elements in a shared
     423             :  * memory, or in a context that will outlive the rest of the hash table.
     424             :  * Memory other than for the array of elements will still be allocated from
     425             :  * the passed-in context.
     426             :  */
     427             : #ifdef SH_RAW_ALLOCATOR
     428             : SH_SCOPE    SH_TYPE *
     429         404 : SH_CREATE(uint32 nelements, void *private_data)
     430             : #else
     431             : SH_SCOPE    SH_TYPE *
     432       41256 : SH_CREATE(MemoryContext ctx, uint32 nelements, void *private_data)
     433             : #endif
     434             : {
     435             :     SH_TYPE    *tb;
     436             :     uint64      size;
     437             : 
     438             : #ifdef SH_RAW_ALLOCATOR
     439         404 :     tb = (SH_TYPE *) SH_RAW_ALLOCATOR(sizeof(SH_TYPE));
     440             : #else
     441       41256 :     tb = (SH_TYPE *) MemoryContextAllocZero(ctx, sizeof(SH_TYPE));
     442       41256 :     tb->ctx = ctx;
     443             : #endif
     444       41660 :     tb->private_data = private_data;
     445             : 
     446             :     /* increase nelements by fillfactor, want to store nelements elements */
     447       41660 :     size = Min((double) SH_MAX_SIZE, ((double) nelements) / SH_FILLFACTOR);
     448             : 
     449       41660 :     SH_COMPUTE_PARAMETERS(tb, size);
     450             : 
     451       41660 :     tb->data = (SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *) SH_ALLOCATE(tb, sizeof(SH_ELEMENT_TYPE) * tb->size);
     452             : 
     453       41660 :     return tb;
     454             : }
     455             : 
     456             : /* destroy a previously created hash table */
     457             : SH_SCOPE void
     458       31508 : SH_DESTROY(SH_TYPE * tb)
     459             : {
     460       31508 :     SH_FREE(tb, tb->data);
     461       31508 :     pfree(tb);
     462       31508 : }
     463             : 
     464             : /* reset the contents of a previously created hash table */
     465             : SH_SCOPE void
     466      251822 : SH_RESET(SH_TYPE * tb)
     467             : {
     468      251822 :     memset(tb->data, 0, sizeof(SH_ELEMENT_TYPE) * tb->size);
     469      251822 :     tb->members = 0;
     470      251822 : }
     471             : 
     472             : /*
     473             :  * Grow a hash table to at least `newsize` buckets.
     474             :  *
     475             :  * Usually this will automatically be called by insertions/deletions, when
     476             :  * necessary. But resizing to the exact input size can be advantageous
     477             :  * performance-wise, when known at some point.
     478             :  */
     479             : SH_SCOPE void
     480        3796 : SH_GROW(SH_TYPE * tb, uint64 newsize)
     481             : {
     482        3796 :     uint64      oldsize = tb->size;
     483        3796 :     SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *olddata = tb->data;
     484             :     SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *newdata;
     485             :     uint32      i;
     486        3796 :     uint32      startelem = 0;
     487             :     uint32      copyelem;
     488             : 
     489             :     Assert(oldsize == pg_nextpower2_64(oldsize));
     490             :     Assert(oldsize != SH_MAX_SIZE);
     491             :     Assert(oldsize < newsize);
     492             : 
     493             :     /* compute parameters for new table */
     494        3796 :     SH_COMPUTE_PARAMETERS(tb, newsize);
     495             : 
     496        3796 :     tb->data = (SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *) SH_ALLOCATE(tb, sizeof(SH_ELEMENT_TYPE) * tb->size);
     497             : 
     498        3796 :     newdata = tb->data;
     499             : 
     500             :     /*
     501             :      * Copy entries from the old data to newdata. We theoretically could use
     502             :      * SH_INSERT here, to avoid code duplication, but that's more general than
     503             :      * we need. We neither want tb->members increased, nor do we need to do
     504             :      * deal with deleted elements, nor do we need to compare keys. So a
     505             :      * special-cased implementation is lot faster. As resizing can be time
     506             :      * consuming and frequent, that's worthwhile to optimize.
     507             :      *
     508             :      * To be able to simply move entries over, we have to start not at the
     509             :      * first bucket (i.e olddata[0]), but find the first bucket that's either
     510             :      * empty, or is occupied by an entry at its optimal position. Such a
     511             :      * bucket has to exist in any table with a load factor under 1, as not all
     512             :      * buckets are occupied, i.e. there always has to be an empty bucket.  By
     513             :      * starting at such a bucket we can move the entries to the larger table,
     514             :      * without having to deal with conflicts.
     515             :      */
     516             : 
     517             :     /* search for the first element in the hash that's not wrapped around */
     518       31134 :     for (i = 0; i < oldsize; i++)
     519             :     {
     520       31134 :         SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *oldentry = &olddata[i];
     521             :         uint32      hash;
     522             :         uint32      optimal;
     523             : 
     524       31134 :         if (oldentry->status != SH_STATUS_IN_USE)
     525             :         {
     526        1944 :             startelem = i;
     527        1944 :             break;
     528             :         }
     529             : 
     530       29190 :         hash = SH_ENTRY_HASH(tb, oldentry);
     531       29190 :         optimal = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, hash);
     532             : 
     533       29190 :         if (optimal == i)
     534             :         {
     535        1852 :             startelem = i;
     536        1852 :             break;
     537             :         }
     538             :     }
     539             : 
     540             :     /* and copy all elements in the old table */
     541        3796 :     copyelem = startelem;
     542     1097616 :     for (i = 0; i < oldsize; i++)
     543             :     {
     544     1093820 :         SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *oldentry = &olddata[copyelem];
     545             : 
     546     1093820 :         if (oldentry->status == SH_STATUS_IN_USE)
     547             :         {
     548             :             uint32      hash;
     549             :             uint32      startelem2;
     550             :             uint32      curelem;
     551             :             SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *newentry;
     552             : 
     553      958844 :             hash = SH_ENTRY_HASH(tb, oldentry);
     554      958844 :             startelem2 = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, hash);
     555      958844 :             curelem = startelem2;
     556             : 
     557             :             /* find empty element to put data into */
     558             :             while (true)
     559             :             {
     560     1314488 :                 newentry = &newdata[curelem];
     561             : 
     562     1314488 :                 if (newentry->status == SH_STATUS_EMPTY)
     563             :                 {
     564      958844 :                     break;
     565             :                 }
     566             : 
     567      355644 :                 curelem = SH_NEXT(tb, curelem, startelem2);
     568             :             }
     569             : 
     570             :             /* copy entry to new slot */
     571      958844 :             memcpy(newentry, oldentry, sizeof(SH_ELEMENT_TYPE));
     572             :         }
     573             : 
     574             :         /* can't use SH_NEXT here, would use new size */
     575     1093820 :         copyelem++;
     576     1093820 :         if (copyelem >= oldsize)
     577             :         {
     578        3796 :             copyelem = 0;
     579             :         }
     580             :     }
     581             : 
     582        3796 :     SH_FREE(tb, olddata);
     583        3796 : }
     584             : 
     585             : /*
     586             :  * This is a separate static inline function, so it can be reliably be inlined
     587             :  * into its wrapper functions even if SH_SCOPE is extern.
     588             :  */
     589             : static inline SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *
     590    19499022 : SH_INSERT_HASH_INTERNAL(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key, uint32 hash, bool *found)
     591             : {
     592             :     uint32      startelem;
     593             :     uint32      curelem;
     594             :     SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *data;
     595             :     uint32      insertdist;
     596             : 
     597    19499022 : restart:
     598    19499022 :     insertdist = 0;
     599             : 
     600             :     /*
     601             :      * We do the grow check even if the key is actually present, to avoid
     602             :      * doing the check inside the loop. This also lets us avoid having to
     603             :      * re-find our position in the hashtable after resizing.
     604             :      *
     605             :      * Note that this also reached when resizing the table due to
     606             :      * SH_GROW_MAX_DIB / SH_GROW_MAX_MOVE.
     607             :      */
     608    19499022 :     if (unlikely(tb->members >= tb->grow_threshold))
     609             :     {
     610        3796 :         if (unlikely(tb->size == SH_MAX_SIZE))
     611           0 :             sh_error("hash table size exceeded");
     612             : 
     613             :         /*
     614             :          * When optimizing, it can be very useful to print these out.
     615             :          */
     616             :         /* SH_STAT(tb); */
     617        3796 :         SH_GROW(tb, tb->size * 2);
     618             :         /* SH_STAT(tb); */
     619             :     }
     620             : 
     621             :     /* perform insert, start bucket search at optimal location */
     622    19499022 :     data = tb->data;
     623    19499022 :     startelem = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, hash);
     624    19499022 :     curelem = startelem;
     625             :     while (true)
     626     9557026 :     {
     627             :         uint32      curdist;
     628             :         uint32      curhash;
     629             :         uint32      curoptimal;
     630    29056048 :         SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *entry = &data[curelem];
     631             : 
     632             :         /* any empty bucket can directly be used */
     633    29056048 :         if (entry->status == SH_STATUS_EMPTY)
     634             :         {
     635     3224794 :             tb->members++;
     636     3224794 :             entry->SH_KEY = key;
     637             : #ifdef SH_STORE_HASH
     638     1451766 :             SH_GET_HASH(tb, entry) = hash;
     639             : #endif
     640     3224794 :             entry->status = SH_STATUS_IN_USE;
     641     3224794 :             *found = false;
     642     3224794 :             return entry;
     643             :         }
     644             : 
     645             :         /*
     646             :          * If the bucket is not empty, we either found a match (in which case
     647             :          * we're done), or we have to decide whether to skip over or move the
     648             :          * colliding entry. When the colliding element's distance to its
     649             :          * optimal position is smaller than the to-be-inserted entry's, we
     650             :          * shift the colliding entry (and its followers) forward by one.
     651             :          */
     652             : 
     653    25831254 :         if (SH_COMPARE_KEYS(tb, hash, key, entry))
     654             :         {
     655             :             Assert(entry->status == SH_STATUS_IN_USE);
     656    15843462 :             *found = true;
     657    15843462 :             return entry;
     658             :         }
     659             : 
     660     9987792 :         curhash = SH_ENTRY_HASH(tb, entry);
     661     9987792 :         curoptimal = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, curhash);
     662     9987792 :         curdist = SH_DISTANCE_FROM_OPTIMAL(tb, curoptimal, curelem);
     663             : 
     664     9987792 :         if (insertdist > curdist)
     665             :         {
     666      430766 :             SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *lastentry = entry;
     667      430766 :             uint32      emptyelem = curelem;
     668             :             uint32      moveelem;
     669      430766 :             int32       emptydist = 0;
     670             : 
     671             :             /* find next empty bucket */
     672             :             while (true)
     673     2607344 :             {
     674             :                 SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *emptyentry;
     675             : 
     676     3038110 :                 emptyelem = SH_NEXT(tb, emptyelem, startelem);
     677     3038110 :                 emptyentry = &data[emptyelem];
     678             : 
     679     3038110 :                 if (emptyentry->status == SH_STATUS_EMPTY)
     680             :                 {
     681      430600 :                     lastentry = emptyentry;
     682      430600 :                     break;
     683             :                 }
     684             : 
     685             :                 /*
     686             :                  * To avoid negative consequences from overly imbalanced
     687             :                  * hashtables, grow the hashtable if collisions would require
     688             :                  * us to move a lot of entries.  The most likely cause of such
     689             :                  * imbalance is filling a (currently) small table, from a
     690             :                  * currently big one, in hash-table order.  Don't grow if the
     691             :                  * hashtable would be too empty, to prevent quick space
     692             :                  * explosion for some weird edge cases.
     693             :                  */
     694     2607510 :                 if (unlikely(++emptydist > SH_GROW_MAX_MOVE) &&
     695         166 :                     ((double) tb->members / tb->size) >= SH_GROW_MIN_FILLFACTOR)
     696             :                 {
     697         166 :                     tb->grow_threshold = 0;
     698         166 :                     goto restart;
     699             :                 }
     700             :             }
     701             : 
     702             :             /* shift forward, starting at last occupied element */
     703             : 
     704             :             /*
     705             :              * TODO: This could be optimized to be one memcpy in many cases,
     706             :              * excepting wrapping around at the end of ->data. Hasn't shown up
     707             :              * in profiles so far though.
     708             :              */
     709      430600 :             moveelem = emptyelem;
     710     3443644 :             while (moveelem != curelem)
     711             :             {
     712             :                 SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *moveentry;
     713             : 
     714     3013044 :                 moveelem = SH_PREV(tb, moveelem, startelem);
     715     3013044 :                 moveentry = &data[moveelem];
     716             : 
     717     3013044 :                 memcpy(lastentry, moveentry, sizeof(SH_ELEMENT_TYPE));
     718     3013044 :                 lastentry = moveentry;
     719             :             }
     720             : 
     721             :             /* and fill the now empty spot */
     722      430600 :             tb->members++;
     723             : 
     724      430600 :             entry->SH_KEY = key;
     725             : #ifdef SH_STORE_HASH
     726      206132 :             SH_GET_HASH(tb, entry) = hash;
     727             : #endif
     728      430600 :             entry->status = SH_STATUS_IN_USE;
     729      430600 :             *found = false;
     730      430600 :             return entry;
     731             :         }
     732             : 
     733     9557026 :         curelem = SH_NEXT(tb, curelem, startelem);
     734     9557026 :         insertdist++;
     735             : 
     736             :         /*
     737             :          * To avoid negative consequences from overly imbalanced hashtables,
     738             :          * grow the hashtable if collisions lead to large runs. The most
     739             :          * likely cause of such imbalance is filling a (currently) small
     740             :          * table, from a currently big one, in hash-table order.  Don't grow
     741             :          * if the hashtable would be too empty, to prevent quick space
     742             :          * explosion for some weird edge cases.
     743             :          */
     744     9557026 :         if (unlikely(insertdist > SH_GROW_MAX_DIB) &&
     745           0 :             ((double) tb->members / tb->size) >= SH_GROW_MIN_FILLFACTOR)
     746             :         {
     747           0 :             tb->grow_threshold = 0;
     748           0 :             goto restart;
     749             :         }
     750             :     }
     751             : }
     752             : 
     753             : /*
     754             :  * Insert the key key into the hash-table, set *found to true if the key
     755             :  * already exists, false otherwise. Returns the hash-table entry in either
     756             :  * case.
     757             :  */
     758             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *
     759    13593188 : SH_INSERT(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key, bool *found)
     760             : {
     761    13593188 :     uint32      hash = SH_HASH_KEY(tb, key);
     762             : 
     763    13593188 :     return SH_INSERT_HASH_INTERNAL(tb, key, hash, found);
     764             : }
     765             : 
     766             : /*
     767             :  * Insert the key key into the hash-table using an already-calculated
     768             :  * hash. Set *found to true if the key already exists, false
     769             :  * otherwise. Returns the hash-table entry in either case.
     770             :  */
     771             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *
     772     5905668 : SH_INSERT_HASH(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key, uint32 hash, bool *found)
     773             : {
     774     5905668 :     return SH_INSERT_HASH_INTERNAL(tb, key, hash, found);
     775             : }
     776             : 
     777             : /*
     778             :  * This is a separate static inline function, so it can be reliably be inlined
     779             :  * into its wrapper functions even if SH_SCOPE is extern.
     780             :  */
     781             : static inline SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *
     782     5144020 : SH_LOOKUP_HASH_INTERNAL(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key, uint32 hash)
     783             : {
     784     5144020 :     const uint32 startelem = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, hash);
     785     5144020 :     uint32      curelem = startelem;
     786             : 
     787             :     while (true)
     788     2598812 :     {
     789     7742832 :         SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *entry = &tb->data[curelem];
     790             : 
     791     7742832 :         if (entry->status == SH_STATUS_EMPTY)
     792             :         {
     793     2101214 :             return NULL;
     794             :         }
     795             : 
     796             :         Assert(entry->status == SH_STATUS_IN_USE);
     797             : 
     798     5641618 :         if (SH_COMPARE_KEYS(tb, hash, key, entry))
     799     3042806 :             return entry;
     800             : 
     801             :         /*
     802             :          * TODO: we could stop search based on distance. If the current
     803             :          * buckets's distance-from-optimal is smaller than what we've skipped
     804             :          * already, the entry doesn't exist. Probably only do so if
     805             :          * SH_STORE_HASH is defined, to avoid re-computing hashes?
     806             :          */
     807             : 
     808     2598812 :         curelem = SH_NEXT(tb, curelem, startelem);
     809             :     }
     810             : }
     811             : 
     812             : /*
     813             :  * Lookup entry in hash table.  Returns NULL if key not present.
     814             :  */
     815             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *
     816     4027222 : SH_LOOKUP(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key)
     817             : {
     818     4027222 :     uint32      hash = SH_HASH_KEY(tb, key);
     819             : 
     820     4027222 :     return SH_LOOKUP_HASH_INTERNAL(tb, key, hash);
     821             : }
     822             : 
     823             : /*
     824             :  * Lookup entry in hash table using an already-calculated hash.
     825             :  *
     826             :  * Returns NULL if key not present.
     827             :  */
     828             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *
     829     1116798 : SH_LOOKUP_HASH(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key, uint32 hash)
     830             : {
     831     1116798 :     return SH_LOOKUP_HASH_INTERNAL(tb, key, hash);
     832             : }
     833             : 
     834             : /*
     835             :  * Delete entry from hash table by key.  Returns whether to-be-deleted key was
     836             :  * present.
     837             :  */
     838             : SH_SCOPE bool
     839     1580914 : SH_DELETE(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_KEY_TYPE key)
     840             : {
     841     1580914 :     uint32      hash = SH_HASH_KEY(tb, key);
     842     1580914 :     uint32      startelem = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, hash);
     843     1580914 :     uint32      curelem = startelem;
     844             : 
     845             :     while (true)
     846      386768 :     {
     847     1967682 :         SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *entry = &tb->data[curelem];
     848             : 
     849     1967682 :         if (entry->status == SH_STATUS_EMPTY)
     850      133068 :             return false;
     851             : 
     852     3642478 :         if (entry->status == SH_STATUS_IN_USE &&
     853     1834614 :             SH_COMPARE_KEYS(tb, hash, key, entry))
     854             :         {
     855     1447846 :             SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *lastentry = entry;
     856             : 
     857     1447846 :             tb->members--;
     858             : 
     859             :             /*
     860             :              * Backward shift following elements till either an empty element
     861             :              * or an element at its optimal position is encountered.
     862             :              *
     863             :              * While that sounds expensive, the average chain length is short,
     864             :              * and deletions would otherwise require tombstones.
     865             :              */
     866             :             while (true)
     867      110040 :             {
     868             :                 SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *curentry;
     869             :                 uint32      curhash;
     870             :                 uint32      curoptimal;
     871             : 
     872     1557886 :                 curelem = SH_NEXT(tb, curelem, startelem);
     873     1557886 :                 curentry = &tb->data[curelem];
     874             : 
     875     1557886 :                 if (curentry->status != SH_STATUS_IN_USE)
     876             :                 {
     877     1366294 :                     lastentry->status = SH_STATUS_EMPTY;
     878     1366294 :                     break;
     879             :                 }
     880             : 
     881      191592 :                 curhash = SH_ENTRY_HASH(tb, curentry);
     882      191592 :                 curoptimal = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, curhash);
     883             : 
     884             :                 /* current is at optimal position, done */
     885      191592 :                 if (curoptimal == curelem)
     886             :                 {
     887       81552 :                     lastentry->status = SH_STATUS_EMPTY;
     888       81552 :                     break;
     889             :                 }
     890             : 
     891             :                 /* shift */
     892      110040 :                 memcpy(lastentry, curentry, sizeof(SH_ELEMENT_TYPE));
     893             : 
     894      110040 :                 lastentry = curentry;
     895             :             }
     896             : 
     897     1447846 :             return true;
     898             :         }
     899             : 
     900             :         /* TODO: return false; if distance too big */
     901             : 
     902      386768 :         curelem = SH_NEXT(tb, curelem, startelem);
     903             :     }
     904             : }
     905             : 
     906             : /*
     907             :  * Delete entry from hash table by entry pointer
     908             :  */
     909             : SH_SCOPE void
     910        2388 : SH_DELETE_ITEM(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_ELEMENT_TYPE * entry)
     911             : {
     912        2388 :     SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *lastentry = entry;
     913        2388 :     uint32      hash = SH_ENTRY_HASH(tb, entry);
     914        2388 :     uint32      startelem = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, hash);
     915             :     uint32      curelem;
     916             : 
     917             :     /* Calculate the index of 'entry' */
     918        2388 :     curelem = entry - &tb->data[0];
     919             : 
     920        2388 :     tb->members--;
     921             : 
     922             :     /*
     923             :      * Backward shift following elements till either an empty element or an
     924             :      * element at its optimal position is encountered.
     925             :      *
     926             :      * While that sounds expensive, the average chain length is short, and
     927             :      * deletions would otherwise require tombstones.
     928             :      */
     929             :     while (true)
     930        4776 :     {
     931             :         SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *curentry;
     932             :         uint32      curhash;
     933             :         uint32      curoptimal;
     934             : 
     935        7164 :         curelem = SH_NEXT(tb, curelem, startelem);
     936        7164 :         curentry = &tb->data[curelem];
     937             : 
     938        7164 :         if (curentry->status != SH_STATUS_IN_USE)
     939             :         {
     940        1230 :             lastentry->status = SH_STATUS_EMPTY;
     941        1230 :             break;
     942             :         }
     943             : 
     944        5934 :         curhash = SH_ENTRY_HASH(tb, curentry);
     945        5934 :         curoptimal = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, curhash);
     946             : 
     947             :         /* current is at optimal position, done */
     948        5934 :         if (curoptimal == curelem)
     949             :         {
     950        1158 :             lastentry->status = SH_STATUS_EMPTY;
     951        1158 :             break;
     952             :         }
     953             : 
     954             :         /* shift */
     955        4776 :         memcpy(lastentry, curentry, sizeof(SH_ELEMENT_TYPE));
     956             : 
     957        4776 :         lastentry = curentry;
     958             :     }
     959        2388 : }
     960             : 
     961             : /*
     962             :  * Initialize iterator.
     963             :  */
     964             : SH_SCOPE void
     965      246998 : SH_START_ITERATE(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_ITERATOR * iter)
     966             : {
     967             :     int         i;
     968      246998 :     uint64      startelem = PG_UINT64_MAX;
     969             : 
     970             :     /*
     971             :      * Search for the first empty element. As deletions during iterations are
     972             :      * supported, we want to start/end at an element that cannot be affected
     973             :      * by elements being shifted.
     974             :      */
     975      307812 :     for (i = 0; i < tb->size; i++)
     976             :     {
     977      307812 :         SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *entry = &tb->data[i];
     978             : 
     979      307812 :         if (entry->status != SH_STATUS_IN_USE)
     980             :         {
     981      246998 :             startelem = i;
     982      246998 :             break;
     983             :         }
     984             :     }
     985             : 
     986             :     Assert(startelem < SH_MAX_SIZE);
     987             : 
     988             :     /*
     989             :      * Iterate backwards, that allows the current element to be deleted, even
     990             :      * if there are backward shifts
     991             :      */
     992      246998 :     iter->cur = startelem;
     993      246998 :     iter->end = iter->cur;
     994      246998 :     iter->done = false;
     995      246998 : }
     996             : 
     997             : /*
     998             :  * Initialize iterator to a specific bucket. That's really only useful for
     999             :  * cases where callers are partially iterating over the hashspace, and that
    1000             :  * iteration deletes and inserts elements based on visited entries. Doing that
    1001             :  * repeatedly could lead to an unbalanced keyspace when always starting at the
    1002             :  * same position.
    1003             :  */
    1004             : SH_SCOPE void
    1005          24 : SH_START_ITERATE_AT(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_ITERATOR * iter, uint32 at)
    1006             : {
    1007             :     /*
    1008             :      * Iterate backwards, that allows the current element to be deleted, even
    1009             :      * if there are backward shifts.
    1010             :      */
    1011          24 :     iter->cur = at & tb->sizemask;    /* ensure at is within a valid range */
    1012          24 :     iter->end = iter->cur;
    1013          24 :     iter->done = false;
    1014          24 : }
    1015             : 
    1016             : /*
    1017             :  * Iterate over all entries in the hash-table. Return the next occupied entry,
    1018             :  * or NULL if done.
    1019             :  *
    1020             :  * During iteration the current entry in the hash table may be deleted,
    1021             :  * without leading to elements being skipped or returned twice.  Additionally
    1022             :  * the rest of the table may be modified (i.e. there can be insertions or
    1023             :  * deletions), but if so, there's neither a guarantee that all nodes are
    1024             :  * visited at least once, nor a guarantee that a node is visited at most once.
    1025             :  */
    1026             : SH_SCOPE    SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *
    1027     3602696 : SH_ITERATE(SH_TYPE * tb, SH_ITERATOR * iter)
    1028             : {
    1029    18184074 :     while (!iter->done)
    1030             :     {
    1031             :         SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *elem;
    1032             : 
    1033    17937182 :         elem = &tb->data[iter->cur];
    1034             : 
    1035             :         /* next element in backward direction */
    1036    17937182 :         iter->cur = (iter->cur - 1) & tb->sizemask;
    1037             : 
    1038    17937182 :         if ((iter->cur & tb->sizemask) == (iter->end & tb->sizemask))
    1039      246892 :             iter->done = true;
    1040    17937182 :         if (elem->status == SH_STATUS_IN_USE)
    1041             :         {
    1042     3355804 :             return elem;
    1043             :         }
    1044             :     }
    1045             : 
    1046      246892 :     return NULL;
    1047             : }
    1048             : 
    1049             : /*
    1050             :  * Report some statistics about the state of the hashtable. For
    1051             :  * debugging/profiling purposes only.
    1052             :  */
    1053             : SH_SCOPE void
    1054           0 : SH_STAT(SH_TYPE * tb)
    1055             : {
    1056           0 :     uint32      max_chain_length = 0;
    1057           0 :     uint32      total_chain_length = 0;
    1058             :     double      avg_chain_length;
    1059             :     double      fillfactor;
    1060             :     uint32      i;
    1061             : 
    1062           0 :     uint32     *collisions = (uint32 *) palloc0(tb->size * sizeof(uint32));
    1063           0 :     uint32      total_collisions = 0;
    1064           0 :     uint32      max_collisions = 0;
    1065             :     double      avg_collisions;
    1066             : 
    1067           0 :     for (i = 0; i < tb->size; i++)
    1068             :     {
    1069             :         uint32      hash;
    1070             :         uint32      optimal;
    1071             :         uint32      dist;
    1072             :         SH_ELEMENT_TYPE *elem;
    1073             : 
    1074           0 :         elem = &tb->data[i];
    1075             : 
    1076           0 :         if (elem->status != SH_STATUS_IN_USE)
    1077           0 :             continue;
    1078             : 
    1079           0 :         hash = SH_ENTRY_HASH(tb, elem);
    1080           0 :         optimal = SH_INITIAL_BUCKET(tb, hash);
    1081           0 :         dist = SH_DISTANCE_FROM_OPTIMAL(tb, optimal, i);
    1082             : 
    1083           0 :         if (dist > max_chain_length)
    1084           0 :             max_chain_length = dist;
    1085           0 :         total_chain_length += dist;
    1086             : 
    1087           0 :         collisions[optimal]++;
    1088             :     }
    1089             : 
    1090           0 :     for (i = 0; i < tb->size; i++)
    1091             :     {
    1092           0 :         uint32      curcoll = collisions[i];
    1093             : 
    1094           0 :         if (curcoll == 0)
    1095           0 :             continue;
    1096             : 
    1097             :         /* single contained element is not a collision */
    1098           0 :         curcoll--;
    1099           0 :         total_collisions += curcoll;
    1100           0 :         if (curcoll > max_collisions)
    1101           0 :             max_collisions = curcoll;
    1102             :     }
    1103             : 
    1104           0 :     if (tb->members > 0)
    1105             :     {
    1106           0 :         fillfactor = tb->members / ((double) tb->size);
    1107           0 :         avg_chain_length = ((double) total_chain_length) / tb->members;
    1108           0 :         avg_collisions = ((double) total_collisions) / tb->members;
    1109             :     }
    1110             :     else
    1111             :     {
    1112           0 :         fillfactor = 0;
    1113           0 :         avg_chain_length = 0;
    1114           0 :         avg_collisions = 0;
    1115             :     }
    1116             : 
    1117           0 :     sh_log("size: " UINT64_FORMAT ", members: %u, filled: %f, total chain: %u, max chain: %u, avg chain: %f, total_collisions: %u, max_collisions: %u, avg_collisions: %f",
    1118             :            tb->size, tb->members, fillfactor, total_chain_length, max_chain_length, avg_chain_length,
    1119             :            total_collisions, max_collisions, avg_collisions);
    1120           0 : }
    1121             : 
    1122             : #endif                          /* SH_DEFINE */
    1123             : 
    1124             : 
    1125             : /* undefine external parameters, so next hash table can be defined */
    1126             : #undef SH_PREFIX
    1127             : #undef SH_KEY_TYPE
    1128             : #undef SH_KEY
    1129             : #undef SH_ELEMENT_TYPE
    1130             : #undef SH_HASH_KEY
    1131             : #undef SH_SCOPE
    1132             : #undef SH_DECLARE
    1133             : #undef SH_DEFINE
    1134             : #undef SH_GET_HASH
    1135             : #undef SH_STORE_HASH
    1136             : #undef SH_USE_NONDEFAULT_ALLOCATOR
    1137             : #undef SH_EQUAL
    1138             : 
    1139             : /* undefine locally declared macros */
    1140             : #undef SH_MAKE_PREFIX
    1141             : #undef SH_MAKE_NAME
    1142             : #undef SH_MAKE_NAME_
    1143             : #undef SH_FILLFACTOR
    1144             : #undef SH_MAX_FILLFACTOR
    1145             : #undef SH_GROW_MAX_DIB
    1146             : #undef SH_GROW_MAX_MOVE
    1147             : #undef SH_GROW_MIN_FILLFACTOR
    1148             : #undef SH_MAX_SIZE
    1149             : 
    1150             : /* types */
    1151             : #undef SH_TYPE
    1152             : #undef SH_STATUS
    1153             : #undef SH_STATUS_EMPTY
    1154             : #undef SH_STATUS_IN_USE
    1155             : #undef SH_ITERATOR
    1156             : 
    1157             : /* external function names */
    1158             : #undef SH_CREATE
    1159             : #undef SH_DESTROY
    1160             : #undef SH_RESET
    1161             : #undef SH_INSERT
    1162             : #undef SH_INSERT_HASH
    1163             : #undef SH_DELETE_ITEM
    1164             : #undef SH_DELETE
    1165             : #undef SH_LOOKUP
    1166             : #undef SH_LOOKUP_HASH
    1167             : #undef SH_GROW
    1168             : #undef SH_START_ITERATE
    1169             : #undef SH_START_ITERATE_AT
    1170             : #undef SH_ITERATE
    1171             : #undef SH_ALLOCATE
    1172             : #undef SH_FREE
    1173             : #undef SH_STAT
    1174             : 
    1175             : /* internal function names */
    1176             : #undef SH_COMPUTE_PARAMETERS
    1177             : #undef SH_COMPARE_KEYS
    1178             : #undef SH_INITIAL_BUCKET
    1179             : #undef SH_NEXT
    1180             : #undef SH_PREV
    1181             : #undef SH_DISTANCE_FROM_OPTIMAL
    1182             : #undef SH_ENTRY_HASH
    1183             : #undef SH_INSERT_HASH_INTERNAL
    1184             : #undef SH_LOOKUP_HASH_INTERNAL

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