LCOV - code coverage report
Current view: top level - src/backend/utils/mb - mbutils.c (source / functions) Hit Total Coverage
Test: PostgreSQL 18devel Lines: 335 530 63.2 %
Date: 2024-07-19 16:11:31 Functions: 45 55 81.8 %
Legend: Lines: hit not hit

          Line data    Source code
       1             : /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
       2             :  *
       3             :  * mbutils.c
       4             :  *    This file contains functions for encoding conversion.
       5             :  *
       6             :  * The string-conversion functions in this file share some API quirks.
       7             :  * Note the following:
       8             :  *
       9             :  * The functions return a palloc'd, null-terminated string if conversion
      10             :  * is required.  However, if no conversion is performed, the given source
      11             :  * string pointer is returned as-is.
      12             :  *
      13             :  * Although the presence of a length argument means that callers can pass
      14             :  * non-null-terminated strings, care is required because the same string
      15             :  * will be passed back if no conversion occurs.  Such callers *must* check
      16             :  * whether result == src and handle that case differently.
      17             :  *
      18             :  * If the source and destination encodings are the same, the source string
      19             :  * is returned without any verification; it's assumed to be valid data.
      20             :  * If that might not be the case, the caller is responsible for validating
      21             :  * the string using a separate call to pg_verify_mbstr().  Whenever the
      22             :  * source and destination encodings are different, the functions ensure that
      23             :  * the result is validly encoded according to the destination encoding.
      24             :  *
      25             :  *
      26             :  * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2024, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
      27             :  * Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
      28             :  *
      29             :  *
      30             :  * IDENTIFICATION
      31             :  *    src/backend/utils/mb/mbutils.c
      32             :  *
      33             :  *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
      34             :  */
      35             : #include "postgres.h"
      36             : 
      37             : #include "access/xact.h"
      38             : #include "catalog/namespace.h"
      39             : #include "mb/pg_wchar.h"
      40             : #include "utils/fmgrprotos.h"
      41             : #include "utils/memutils.h"
      42             : #include "varatt.h"
      43             : 
      44             : /*
      45             :  * We maintain a simple linked list caching the fmgr lookup info for the
      46             :  * currently selected conversion functions, as well as any that have been
      47             :  * selected previously in the current session.  (We remember previous
      48             :  * settings because we must be able to restore a previous setting during
      49             :  * transaction rollback, without doing any fresh catalog accesses.)
      50             :  *
      51             :  * Since we'll never release this data, we just keep it in TopMemoryContext.
      52             :  */
      53             : typedef struct ConvProcInfo
      54             : {
      55             :     int         s_encoding;     /* server and client encoding IDs */
      56             :     int         c_encoding;
      57             :     FmgrInfo    to_server_info; /* lookup info for conversion procs */
      58             :     FmgrInfo    to_client_info;
      59             : } ConvProcInfo;
      60             : 
      61             : static List *ConvProcList = NIL;    /* List of ConvProcInfo */
      62             : 
      63             : /*
      64             :  * These variables point to the currently active conversion functions,
      65             :  * or are NULL when no conversion is needed.
      66             :  */
      67             : static FmgrInfo *ToServerConvProc = NULL;
      68             : static FmgrInfo *ToClientConvProc = NULL;
      69             : 
      70             : /*
      71             :  * This variable stores the conversion function to convert from UTF-8
      72             :  * to the server encoding.  It's NULL if the server encoding *is* UTF-8,
      73             :  * or if we lack a conversion function for this.
      74             :  */
      75             : static FmgrInfo *Utf8ToServerConvProc = NULL;
      76             : 
      77             : /*
      78             :  * These variables track the currently-selected encodings.
      79             :  */
      80             : static const pg_enc2name *ClientEncoding = &pg_enc2name_tbl[PG_SQL_ASCII];
      81             : static const pg_enc2name *DatabaseEncoding = &pg_enc2name_tbl[PG_SQL_ASCII];
      82             : static const pg_enc2name *MessageEncoding = &pg_enc2name_tbl[PG_SQL_ASCII];
      83             : 
      84             : /*
      85             :  * During backend startup we can't set client encoding because we (a)
      86             :  * can't look up the conversion functions, and (b) may not know the database
      87             :  * encoding yet either.  So SetClientEncoding() just accepts anything and
      88             :  * remembers it for InitializeClientEncoding() to apply later.
      89             :  */
      90             : static bool backend_startup_complete = false;
      91             : static int  pending_client_encoding = PG_SQL_ASCII;
      92             : 
      93             : 
      94             : /* Internal functions */
      95             : static char *perform_default_encoding_conversion(const char *src,
      96             :                                                  int len, bool is_client_to_server);
      97             : static int  cliplen(const char *str, int len, int limit);
      98             : 
      99             : 
     100             : /*
     101             :  * Prepare for a future call to SetClientEncoding.  Success should mean
     102             :  * that SetClientEncoding is guaranteed to succeed for this encoding request.
     103             :  *
     104             :  * (But note that success before backend_startup_complete does not guarantee
     105             :  * success after ...)
     106             :  *
     107             :  * Returns 0 if okay, -1 if not (bad encoding or can't support conversion)
     108             :  */
     109             : int
     110       57694 : PrepareClientEncoding(int encoding)
     111             : {
     112             :     int         current_server_encoding;
     113             :     ListCell   *lc;
     114             : 
     115       57694 :     if (!PG_VALID_FE_ENCODING(encoding))
     116           0 :         return -1;
     117             : 
     118             :     /* Can't do anything during startup, per notes above */
     119       57694 :     if (!backend_startup_complete)
     120       27516 :         return 0;
     121             : 
     122       30178 :     current_server_encoding = GetDatabaseEncoding();
     123             : 
     124             :     /*
     125             :      * Check for cases that require no conversion function.
     126             :      */
     127       30178 :     if (current_server_encoding == encoding ||
     128        5348 :         current_server_encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII ||
     129             :         encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII)
     130       30170 :         return 0;
     131             : 
     132           8 :     if (IsTransactionState())
     133             :     {
     134             :         /*
     135             :          * If we're in a live transaction, it's safe to access the catalogs,
     136             :          * so look up the functions.  We repeat the lookup even if the info is
     137             :          * already cached, so that we can react to changes in the contents of
     138             :          * pg_conversion.
     139             :          */
     140             :         Oid         to_server_proc,
     141             :                     to_client_proc;
     142             :         ConvProcInfo *convinfo;
     143             :         MemoryContext oldcontext;
     144             : 
     145           8 :         to_server_proc = FindDefaultConversionProc(encoding,
     146             :                                                    current_server_encoding);
     147           8 :         if (!OidIsValid(to_server_proc))
     148           0 :             return -1;
     149           8 :         to_client_proc = FindDefaultConversionProc(current_server_encoding,
     150             :                                                    encoding);
     151           8 :         if (!OidIsValid(to_client_proc))
     152           0 :             return -1;
     153             : 
     154             :         /*
     155             :          * Load the fmgr info into TopMemoryContext (could still fail here)
     156             :          */
     157           8 :         convinfo = (ConvProcInfo *) MemoryContextAlloc(TopMemoryContext,
     158             :                                                        sizeof(ConvProcInfo));
     159           8 :         convinfo->s_encoding = current_server_encoding;
     160           8 :         convinfo->c_encoding = encoding;
     161           8 :         fmgr_info_cxt(to_server_proc, &convinfo->to_server_info,
     162             :                       TopMemoryContext);
     163           8 :         fmgr_info_cxt(to_client_proc, &convinfo->to_client_info,
     164             :                       TopMemoryContext);
     165             : 
     166             :         /* Attach new info to head of list */
     167           8 :         oldcontext = MemoryContextSwitchTo(TopMemoryContext);
     168           8 :         ConvProcList = lcons(convinfo, ConvProcList);
     169           8 :         MemoryContextSwitchTo(oldcontext);
     170             : 
     171             :         /*
     172             :          * We cannot yet remove any older entry for the same encoding pair,
     173             :          * since it could still be in use.  SetClientEncoding will clean up.
     174             :          */
     175             : 
     176           8 :         return 0;               /* success */
     177             :     }
     178             :     else
     179             :     {
     180             :         /*
     181             :          * If we're not in a live transaction, the only thing we can do is
     182             :          * restore a previous setting using the cache.  This covers all
     183             :          * transaction-rollback cases.  The only case it might not work for is
     184             :          * trying to change client_encoding on the fly by editing
     185             :          * postgresql.conf and SIGHUP'ing.  Which would probably be a stupid
     186             :          * thing to do anyway.
     187             :          */
     188           0 :         foreach(lc, ConvProcList)
     189             :         {
     190           0 :             ConvProcInfo *oldinfo = (ConvProcInfo *) lfirst(lc);
     191             : 
     192           0 :             if (oldinfo->s_encoding == current_server_encoding &&
     193           0 :                 oldinfo->c_encoding == encoding)
     194           0 :                 return 0;
     195             :         }
     196             : 
     197           0 :         return -1;              /* it's not cached, so fail */
     198             :     }
     199             : }
     200             : 
     201             : /*
     202             :  * Set the active client encoding and set up the conversion-function pointers.
     203             :  * PrepareClientEncoding should have been called previously for this encoding.
     204             :  *
     205             :  * Returns 0 if okay, -1 if not (bad encoding or can't support conversion)
     206             :  */
     207             : int
     208       52162 : SetClientEncoding(int encoding)
     209             : {
     210             :     int         current_server_encoding;
     211             :     bool        found;
     212             :     ListCell   *lc;
     213             : 
     214       52162 :     if (!PG_VALID_FE_ENCODING(encoding))
     215           0 :         return -1;
     216             : 
     217             :     /* Can't do anything during startup, per notes above */
     218       52162 :     if (!backend_startup_complete)
     219             :     {
     220       24668 :         pending_client_encoding = encoding;
     221       24668 :         return 0;
     222             :     }
     223             : 
     224       27494 :     current_server_encoding = GetDatabaseEncoding();
     225             : 
     226             :     /*
     227             :      * Check for cases that require no conversion function.
     228             :      */
     229       27494 :     if (current_server_encoding == encoding ||
     230        2680 :         current_server_encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII ||
     231             :         encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII)
     232             :     {
     233       27486 :         ClientEncoding = &pg_enc2name_tbl[encoding];
     234       27486 :         ToServerConvProc = NULL;
     235       27486 :         ToClientConvProc = NULL;
     236       27486 :         return 0;
     237             :     }
     238             : 
     239             :     /*
     240             :      * Search the cache for the entry previously prepared by
     241             :      * PrepareClientEncoding; if there isn't one, we lose.  While at it,
     242             :      * release any duplicate entries so that repeated Prepare/Set cycles don't
     243             :      * leak memory.
     244             :      */
     245           8 :     found = false;
     246          16 :     foreach(lc, ConvProcList)
     247             :     {
     248           8 :         ConvProcInfo *convinfo = (ConvProcInfo *) lfirst(lc);
     249             : 
     250           8 :         if (convinfo->s_encoding == current_server_encoding &&
     251           8 :             convinfo->c_encoding == encoding)
     252             :         {
     253           8 :             if (!found)
     254             :             {
     255             :                 /* Found newest entry, so set up */
     256           8 :                 ClientEncoding = &pg_enc2name_tbl[encoding];
     257           8 :                 ToServerConvProc = &convinfo->to_server_info;
     258           8 :                 ToClientConvProc = &convinfo->to_client_info;
     259           8 :                 found = true;
     260             :             }
     261             :             else
     262             :             {
     263             :                 /* Duplicate entry, release it */
     264           0 :                 ConvProcList = foreach_delete_current(ConvProcList, lc);
     265           0 :                 pfree(convinfo);
     266             :             }
     267             :         }
     268             :     }
     269             : 
     270           8 :     if (found)
     271           8 :         return 0;               /* success */
     272             :     else
     273           0 :         return -1;              /* it's not cached, so fail */
     274             : }
     275             : 
     276             : /*
     277             :  * Initialize client encoding conversions.
     278             :  *      Called from InitPostgres() once during backend startup.
     279             :  */
     280             : void
     281       24528 : InitializeClientEncoding(void)
     282             : {
     283             :     int         current_server_encoding;
     284             : 
     285             :     Assert(!backend_startup_complete);
     286       24528 :     backend_startup_complete = true;
     287             : 
     288       49056 :     if (PrepareClientEncoding(pending_client_encoding) < 0 ||
     289       24528 :         SetClientEncoding(pending_client_encoding) < 0)
     290             :     {
     291             :         /*
     292             :          * Oops, the requested conversion is not available. We couldn't fail
     293             :          * before, but we can now.
     294             :          */
     295           0 :         ereport(FATAL,
     296             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_FEATURE_NOT_SUPPORTED),
     297             :                  errmsg("conversion between %s and %s is not supported",
     298             :                         pg_enc2name_tbl[pending_client_encoding].name,
     299             :                         GetDatabaseEncodingName())));
     300             :     }
     301             : 
     302             :     /*
     303             :      * Also look up the UTF8-to-server conversion function if needed.  Since
     304             :      * the server encoding is fixed within any one backend process, we don't
     305             :      * have to do this more than once.
     306             :      */
     307       24528 :     current_server_encoding = GetDatabaseEncoding();
     308       24528 :     if (current_server_encoding != PG_UTF8 &&
     309             :         current_server_encoding != PG_SQL_ASCII)
     310             :     {
     311             :         Oid         utf8_to_server_proc;
     312             : 
     313             :         Assert(IsTransactionState());
     314             :         utf8_to_server_proc =
     315         202 :             FindDefaultConversionProc(PG_UTF8,
     316             :                                       current_server_encoding);
     317             :         /* If there's no such conversion, just leave the pointer as NULL */
     318         202 :         if (OidIsValid(utf8_to_server_proc))
     319             :         {
     320             :             FmgrInfo   *finfo;
     321             : 
     322         202 :             finfo = (FmgrInfo *) MemoryContextAlloc(TopMemoryContext,
     323             :                                                     sizeof(FmgrInfo));
     324         202 :             fmgr_info_cxt(utf8_to_server_proc, finfo,
     325             :                           TopMemoryContext);
     326             :             /* Set Utf8ToServerConvProc only after data is fully valid */
     327         202 :             Utf8ToServerConvProc = finfo;
     328             :         }
     329             :     }
     330       24528 : }
     331             : 
     332             : /*
     333             :  * returns the current client encoding
     334             :  */
     335             : int
     336        9254 : pg_get_client_encoding(void)
     337             : {
     338        9254 :     return ClientEncoding->encoding;
     339             : }
     340             : 
     341             : /*
     342             :  * returns the current client encoding name
     343             :  */
     344             : const char *
     345           0 : pg_get_client_encoding_name(void)
     346             : {
     347           0 :     return ClientEncoding->name;
     348             : }
     349             : 
     350             : /*
     351             :  * Convert src string to another encoding (general case).
     352             :  *
     353             :  * See the notes about string conversion functions at the top of this file.
     354             :  */
     355             : unsigned char *
     356        2776 : pg_do_encoding_conversion(unsigned char *src, int len,
     357             :                           int src_encoding, int dest_encoding)
     358             : {
     359             :     unsigned char *result;
     360             :     Oid         proc;
     361             : 
     362        2776 :     if (len <= 0)
     363          30 :         return src;             /* empty string is always valid */
     364             : 
     365        2746 :     if (src_encoding == dest_encoding)
     366        1962 :         return src;             /* no conversion required, assume valid */
     367             : 
     368         784 :     if (dest_encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII)
     369           0 :         return src;             /* any string is valid in SQL_ASCII */
     370             : 
     371         784 :     if (src_encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII)
     372             :     {
     373             :         /* No conversion is possible, but we must validate the result */
     374          16 :         (void) pg_verify_mbstr(dest_encoding, (const char *) src, len, false);
     375          16 :         return src;
     376             :     }
     377             : 
     378         768 :     if (!IsTransactionState())  /* shouldn't happen */
     379           0 :         elog(ERROR, "cannot perform encoding conversion outside a transaction");
     380             : 
     381         768 :     proc = FindDefaultConversionProc(src_encoding, dest_encoding);
     382         768 :     if (!OidIsValid(proc))
     383           0 :         ereport(ERROR,
     384             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_UNDEFINED_FUNCTION),
     385             :                  errmsg("default conversion function for encoding \"%s\" to \"%s\" does not exist",
     386             :                         pg_encoding_to_char(src_encoding),
     387             :                         pg_encoding_to_char(dest_encoding))));
     388             : 
     389             :     /*
     390             :      * Allocate space for conversion result, being wary of integer overflow.
     391             :      *
     392             :      * len * MAX_CONVERSION_GROWTH is typically a vast overestimate of the
     393             :      * required space, so it might exceed MaxAllocSize even though the result
     394             :      * would actually fit.  We do not want to hand back a result string that
     395             :      * exceeds MaxAllocSize, because callers might not cope gracefully --- but
     396             :      * if we just allocate more than that, and don't use it, that's fine.
     397             :      */
     398         768 :     if ((Size) len >= (MaxAllocHugeSize / (Size) MAX_CONVERSION_GROWTH))
     399           0 :         ereport(ERROR,
     400             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_PROGRAM_LIMIT_EXCEEDED),
     401             :                  errmsg("out of memory"),
     402             :                  errdetail("String of %d bytes is too long for encoding conversion.",
     403             :                            len)));
     404             : 
     405             :     result = (unsigned char *)
     406         768 :         MemoryContextAllocHuge(CurrentMemoryContext,
     407         768 :                                (Size) len * MAX_CONVERSION_GROWTH + 1);
     408             : 
     409         768 :     (void) OidFunctionCall6(proc,
     410             :                             Int32GetDatum(src_encoding),
     411             :                             Int32GetDatum(dest_encoding),
     412             :                             CStringGetDatum((char *) src),
     413             :                             CStringGetDatum((char *) result),
     414             :                             Int32GetDatum(len),
     415             :                             BoolGetDatum(false));
     416             : 
     417             :     /*
     418             :      * If the result is large, it's worth repalloc'ing to release any extra
     419             :      * space we asked for.  The cutoff here is somewhat arbitrary, but we
     420             :      * *must* check when len * MAX_CONVERSION_GROWTH exceeds MaxAllocSize.
     421             :      */
     422         768 :     if (len > 1000000)
     423             :     {
     424           0 :         Size        resultlen = strlen((char *) result);
     425             : 
     426           0 :         if (resultlen >= MaxAllocSize)
     427           0 :             ereport(ERROR,
     428             :                     (errcode(ERRCODE_PROGRAM_LIMIT_EXCEEDED),
     429             :                      errmsg("out of memory"),
     430             :                      errdetail("String of %d bytes is too long for encoding conversion.",
     431             :                                len)));
     432             : 
     433           0 :         result = (unsigned char *) repalloc(result, resultlen + 1);
     434             :     }
     435             : 
     436         768 :     return result;
     437             : }
     438             : 
     439             : /*
     440             :  * Convert src string to another encoding.
     441             :  *
     442             :  * This function has a different API than the other conversion functions.
     443             :  * The caller should've looked up the conversion function using
     444             :  * FindDefaultConversionProc().  Unlike the other functions, the converted
     445             :  * result is not palloc'd.  It is written to the caller-supplied buffer
     446             :  * instead.
     447             :  *
     448             :  * src_encoding   - encoding to convert from
     449             :  * dest_encoding  - encoding to convert to
     450             :  * src, srclen    - input buffer and its length in bytes
     451             :  * dest, destlen  - destination buffer and its size in bytes
     452             :  *
     453             :  * The output is null-terminated.
     454             :  *
     455             :  * If destlen < srclen * MAX_CONVERSION_INPUT_LENGTH + 1, the converted output
     456             :  * wouldn't necessarily fit in the output buffer, and the function will not
     457             :  * convert the whole input.
     458             :  *
     459             :  * TODO: The conversion function interface is not great.  Firstly, it
     460             :  * would be nice to pass through the destination buffer size to the
     461             :  * conversion function, so that if you pass a shorter destination buffer, it
     462             :  * could still continue to fill up the whole buffer.  Currently, we have to
     463             :  * assume worst case expansion and stop the conversion short, even if there
     464             :  * is in fact space left in the destination buffer.  Secondly, it would be
     465             :  * nice to return the number of bytes written to the caller, to avoid a call
     466             :  * to strlen().
     467             :  */
     468             : int
     469        5706 : pg_do_encoding_conversion_buf(Oid proc,
     470             :                               int src_encoding,
     471             :                               int dest_encoding,
     472             :                               unsigned char *src, int srclen,
     473             :                               unsigned char *dest, int destlen,
     474             :                               bool noError)
     475             : {
     476             :     Datum       result;
     477             : 
     478             :     /*
     479             :      * If the destination buffer is not large enough to hold the result in the
     480             :      * worst case, limit the input size passed to the conversion function.
     481             :      */
     482        5706 :     if ((Size) srclen >= ((destlen - 1) / (Size) MAX_CONVERSION_GROWTH))
     483        5706 :         srclen = ((destlen - 1) / (Size) MAX_CONVERSION_GROWTH);
     484             : 
     485        5706 :     result = OidFunctionCall6(proc,
     486             :                               Int32GetDatum(src_encoding),
     487             :                               Int32GetDatum(dest_encoding),
     488             :                               CStringGetDatum((char *) src),
     489             :                               CStringGetDatum((char *) dest),
     490             :                               Int32GetDatum(srclen),
     491             :                               BoolGetDatum(noError));
     492        3366 :     return DatumGetInt32(result);
     493             : }
     494             : 
     495             : /*
     496             :  * Convert string to encoding encoding_name. The source
     497             :  * encoding is the DB encoding.
     498             :  *
     499             :  * BYTEA convert_to(TEXT string, NAME encoding_name) */
     500             : Datum
     501         198 : pg_convert_to(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
     502             : {
     503         198 :     Datum       string = PG_GETARG_DATUM(0);
     504         198 :     Datum       dest_encoding_name = PG_GETARG_DATUM(1);
     505         198 :     Datum       src_encoding_name = DirectFunctionCall1(namein,
     506             :                                                         CStringGetDatum(DatabaseEncoding->name));
     507             :     Datum       result;
     508             : 
     509             :     /*
     510             :      * pg_convert expects a bytea as its first argument. We're passing it a
     511             :      * text argument here, relying on the fact that they are both in fact
     512             :      * varlena types, and thus structurally identical.
     513             :      */
     514         198 :     result = DirectFunctionCall3(pg_convert, string,
     515             :                                  src_encoding_name, dest_encoding_name);
     516             : 
     517         198 :     PG_RETURN_DATUM(result);
     518             : }
     519             : 
     520             : /*
     521             :  * Convert string from encoding encoding_name. The destination
     522             :  * encoding is the DB encoding.
     523             :  *
     524             :  * TEXT convert_from(BYTEA string, NAME encoding_name) */
     525             : Datum
     526         580 : pg_convert_from(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
     527             : {
     528         580 :     Datum       string = PG_GETARG_DATUM(0);
     529         580 :     Datum       src_encoding_name = PG_GETARG_DATUM(1);
     530         580 :     Datum       dest_encoding_name = DirectFunctionCall1(namein,
     531             :                                                          CStringGetDatum(DatabaseEncoding->name));
     532             :     Datum       result;
     533             : 
     534         580 :     result = DirectFunctionCall3(pg_convert, string,
     535             :                                  src_encoding_name, dest_encoding_name);
     536             : 
     537             :     /*
     538             :      * pg_convert returns a bytea, which we in turn return as text, relying on
     539             :      * the fact that they are both in fact varlena types, and thus
     540             :      * structurally identical. Although not all bytea values are valid text,
     541             :      * in this case it will be because we've told pg_convert to return one
     542             :      * that is valid as text in the current database encoding.
     543             :      */
     544         574 :     PG_RETURN_DATUM(result);
     545             : }
     546             : 
     547             : /*
     548             :  * Convert string between two arbitrary encodings.
     549             :  *
     550             :  * BYTEA convert(BYTEA string, NAME src_encoding_name, NAME dest_encoding_name)
     551             :  */
     552             : Datum
     553        1546 : pg_convert(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
     554             : {
     555        1546 :     bytea      *string = PG_GETARG_BYTEA_PP(0);
     556        1546 :     char       *src_encoding_name = NameStr(*PG_GETARG_NAME(1));
     557        1546 :     int         src_encoding = pg_char_to_encoding(src_encoding_name);
     558        1546 :     char       *dest_encoding_name = NameStr(*PG_GETARG_NAME(2));
     559        1546 :     int         dest_encoding = pg_char_to_encoding(dest_encoding_name);
     560             :     const char *src_str;
     561             :     char       *dest_str;
     562             :     bytea      *retval;
     563             :     int         len;
     564             : 
     565        1546 :     if (src_encoding < 0)
     566           0 :         ereport(ERROR,
     567             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE),
     568             :                  errmsg("invalid source encoding name \"%s\"",
     569             :                         src_encoding_name)));
     570        1546 :     if (dest_encoding < 0)
     571           0 :         ereport(ERROR,
     572             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE),
     573             :                  errmsg("invalid destination encoding name \"%s\"",
     574             :                         dest_encoding_name)));
     575             : 
     576             :     /* make sure that source string is valid */
     577        1546 :     len = VARSIZE_ANY_EXHDR(string);
     578        1546 :     src_str = VARDATA_ANY(string);
     579        1546 :     (void) pg_verify_mbstr(src_encoding, src_str, len, false);
     580             : 
     581             :     /* perform conversion */
     582        1540 :     dest_str = (char *) pg_do_encoding_conversion((unsigned char *) unconstify(char *, src_str),
     583             :                                                   len,
     584             :                                                   src_encoding,
     585             :                                                   dest_encoding);
     586             : 
     587             : 
     588             :     /* return source string if no conversion happened */
     589        1540 :     if (dest_str == src_str)
     590         772 :         PG_RETURN_BYTEA_P(string);
     591             : 
     592             :     /*
     593             :      * build bytea data type structure.
     594             :      */
     595         768 :     len = strlen(dest_str);
     596         768 :     retval = (bytea *) palloc(len + VARHDRSZ);
     597         768 :     SET_VARSIZE(retval, len + VARHDRSZ);
     598         768 :     memcpy(VARDATA(retval), dest_str, len);
     599         768 :     pfree(dest_str);
     600             : 
     601             :     /* free memory if allocated by the toaster */
     602         768 :     PG_FREE_IF_COPY(string, 0);
     603             : 
     604         768 :     PG_RETURN_BYTEA_P(retval);
     605             : }
     606             : 
     607             : /*
     608             :  * get the length of the string considered as text in the specified
     609             :  * encoding. Raises an error if the data is not valid in that
     610             :  * encoding.
     611             :  *
     612             :  * INT4 length (BYTEA string, NAME src_encoding_name)
     613             :  */
     614             : Datum
     615           0 : length_in_encoding(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
     616             : {
     617           0 :     bytea      *string = PG_GETARG_BYTEA_PP(0);
     618           0 :     char       *src_encoding_name = NameStr(*PG_GETARG_NAME(1));
     619           0 :     int         src_encoding = pg_char_to_encoding(src_encoding_name);
     620             :     const char *src_str;
     621             :     int         len;
     622             :     int         retval;
     623             : 
     624           0 :     if (src_encoding < 0)
     625           0 :         ereport(ERROR,
     626             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE),
     627             :                  errmsg("invalid encoding name \"%s\"",
     628             :                         src_encoding_name)));
     629             : 
     630           0 :     len = VARSIZE_ANY_EXHDR(string);
     631           0 :     src_str = VARDATA_ANY(string);
     632             : 
     633           0 :     retval = pg_verify_mbstr_len(src_encoding, src_str, len, false);
     634             : 
     635           0 :     PG_RETURN_INT32(retval);
     636             : }
     637             : 
     638             : /*
     639             :  * Get maximum multibyte character length in the specified encoding.
     640             :  *
     641             :  * Note encoding is specified numerically, not by name as above.
     642             :  */
     643             : Datum
     644           0 : pg_encoding_max_length_sql(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
     645             : {
     646           0 :     int         encoding = PG_GETARG_INT32(0);
     647             : 
     648           0 :     if (PG_VALID_ENCODING(encoding))
     649           0 :         PG_RETURN_INT32(pg_wchar_table[encoding].maxmblen);
     650             :     else
     651           0 :         PG_RETURN_NULL();
     652             : }
     653             : 
     654             : /*
     655             :  * Convert client encoding to server encoding.
     656             :  *
     657             :  * See the notes about string conversion functions at the top of this file.
     658             :  */
     659             : char *
     660      723302 : pg_client_to_server(const char *s, int len)
     661             : {
     662      723302 :     return pg_any_to_server(s, len, ClientEncoding->encoding);
     663             : }
     664             : 
     665             : /*
     666             :  * Convert any encoding to server encoding.
     667             :  *
     668             :  * See the notes about string conversion functions at the top of this file.
     669             :  *
     670             :  * Unlike the other string conversion functions, this will apply validation
     671             :  * even if encoding == DatabaseEncoding->encoding.  This is because this is
     672             :  * used to process data coming in from outside the database, and we never
     673             :  * want to just assume validity.
     674             :  */
     675             : char *
     676      805608 : pg_any_to_server(const char *s, int len, int encoding)
     677             : {
     678      805608 :     if (len <= 0)
     679       74296 :         return unconstify(char *, s);   /* empty string is always valid */
     680             : 
     681      731312 :     if (encoding == DatabaseEncoding->encoding ||
     682             :         encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII)
     683             :     {
     684             :         /*
     685             :          * No conversion is needed, but we must still validate the data.
     686             :          */
     687      731208 :         (void) pg_verify_mbstr(DatabaseEncoding->encoding, s, len, false);
     688      731206 :         return unconstify(char *, s);
     689             :     }
     690             : 
     691         104 :     if (DatabaseEncoding->encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII)
     692             :     {
     693             :         /*
     694             :          * No conversion is possible, but we must still validate the data,
     695             :          * because the client-side code might have done string escaping using
     696             :          * the selected client_encoding.  If the client encoding is ASCII-safe
     697             :          * then we just do a straight validation under that encoding.  For an
     698             :          * ASCII-unsafe encoding we have a problem: we dare not pass such data
     699             :          * to the parser but we have no way to convert it.  We compromise by
     700             :          * rejecting the data if it contains any non-ASCII characters.
     701             :          */
     702          68 :         if (PG_VALID_BE_ENCODING(encoding))
     703          68 :             (void) pg_verify_mbstr(encoding, s, len, false);
     704             :         else
     705             :         {
     706             :             int         i;
     707             : 
     708           0 :             for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
     709             :             {
     710           0 :                 if (s[i] == '\0' || IS_HIGHBIT_SET(s[i]))
     711           0 :                     ereport(ERROR,
     712             :                             (errcode(ERRCODE_CHARACTER_NOT_IN_REPERTOIRE),
     713             :                              errmsg("invalid byte value for encoding \"%s\": 0x%02x",
     714             :                                     pg_enc2name_tbl[PG_SQL_ASCII].name,
     715             :                                     (unsigned char) s[i])));
     716             :             }
     717             :         }
     718          68 :         return unconstify(char *, s);
     719             :     }
     720             : 
     721             :     /* Fast path if we can use cached conversion function */
     722          36 :     if (encoding == ClientEncoding->encoding)
     723          36 :         return perform_default_encoding_conversion(s, len, true);
     724             : 
     725             :     /* General case ... will not work outside transactions */
     726           0 :     return (char *) pg_do_encoding_conversion((unsigned char *) unconstify(char *, s),
     727             :                                               len,
     728             :                                               encoding,
     729           0 :                                               DatabaseEncoding->encoding);
     730             : }
     731             : 
     732             : /*
     733             :  * Convert server encoding to client encoding.
     734             :  *
     735             :  * See the notes about string conversion functions at the top of this file.
     736             :  */
     737             : char *
     738    28563536 : pg_server_to_client(const char *s, int len)
     739             : {
     740    28563536 :     return pg_server_to_any(s, len, ClientEncoding->encoding);
     741             : }
     742             : 
     743             : /*
     744             :  * Convert server encoding to any encoding.
     745             :  *
     746             :  * See the notes about string conversion functions at the top of this file.
     747             :  */
     748             : char *
     749    28601906 : pg_server_to_any(const char *s, int len, int encoding)
     750             : {
     751    28601906 :     if (len <= 0)
     752      228010 :         return unconstify(char *, s);   /* empty string is always valid */
     753             : 
     754    28373896 :     if (encoding == DatabaseEncoding->encoding ||
     755             :         encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII)
     756    28373484 :         return unconstify(char *, s);   /* assume data is valid */
     757             : 
     758         412 :     if (DatabaseEncoding->encoding == PG_SQL_ASCII)
     759             :     {
     760             :         /* No conversion is possible, but we must validate the result */
     761         124 :         (void) pg_verify_mbstr(encoding, s, len, false);
     762         124 :         return unconstify(char *, s);
     763             :     }
     764             : 
     765             :     /* Fast path if we can use cached conversion function */
     766         288 :     if (encoding == ClientEncoding->encoding)
     767         288 :         return perform_default_encoding_conversion(s, len, false);
     768             : 
     769             :     /* General case ... will not work outside transactions */
     770           0 :     return (char *) pg_do_encoding_conversion((unsigned char *) unconstify(char *, s),
     771             :                                               len,
     772           0 :                                               DatabaseEncoding->encoding,
     773             :                                               encoding);
     774             : }
     775             : 
     776             : /*
     777             :  *  Perform default encoding conversion using cached FmgrInfo. Since
     778             :  *  this function does not access database at all, it is safe to call
     779             :  *  outside transactions.  If the conversion has not been set up by
     780             :  *  SetClientEncoding(), no conversion is performed.
     781             :  */
     782             : static char *
     783         324 : perform_default_encoding_conversion(const char *src, int len,
     784             :                                     bool is_client_to_server)
     785             : {
     786             :     char       *result;
     787             :     int         src_encoding,
     788             :                 dest_encoding;
     789             :     FmgrInfo   *flinfo;
     790             : 
     791         324 :     if (is_client_to_server)
     792             :     {
     793          36 :         src_encoding = ClientEncoding->encoding;
     794          36 :         dest_encoding = DatabaseEncoding->encoding;
     795          36 :         flinfo = ToServerConvProc;
     796             :     }
     797             :     else
     798             :     {
     799         288 :         src_encoding = DatabaseEncoding->encoding;
     800         288 :         dest_encoding = ClientEncoding->encoding;
     801         288 :         flinfo = ToClientConvProc;
     802             :     }
     803             : 
     804         324 :     if (flinfo == NULL)
     805           0 :         return unconstify(char *, src);
     806             : 
     807             :     /*
     808             :      * Allocate space for conversion result, being wary of integer overflow.
     809             :      * See comments in pg_do_encoding_conversion.
     810             :      */
     811         324 :     if ((Size) len >= (MaxAllocHugeSize / (Size) MAX_CONVERSION_GROWTH))
     812           0 :         ereport(ERROR,
     813             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_PROGRAM_LIMIT_EXCEEDED),
     814             :                  errmsg("out of memory"),
     815             :                  errdetail("String of %d bytes is too long for encoding conversion.",
     816             :                            len)));
     817             : 
     818             :     result = (char *)
     819         324 :         MemoryContextAllocHuge(CurrentMemoryContext,
     820         324 :                                (Size) len * MAX_CONVERSION_GROWTH + 1);
     821             : 
     822         324 :     FunctionCall6(flinfo,
     823             :                   Int32GetDatum(src_encoding),
     824             :                   Int32GetDatum(dest_encoding),
     825             :                   CStringGetDatum(src),
     826             :                   CStringGetDatum(result),
     827             :                   Int32GetDatum(len),
     828             :                   BoolGetDatum(false));
     829             : 
     830             :     /*
     831             :      * Release extra space if there might be a lot --- see comments in
     832             :      * pg_do_encoding_conversion.
     833             :      */
     834         324 :     if (len > 1000000)
     835             :     {
     836           0 :         Size        resultlen = strlen(result);
     837             : 
     838           0 :         if (resultlen >= MaxAllocSize)
     839           0 :             ereport(ERROR,
     840             :                     (errcode(ERRCODE_PROGRAM_LIMIT_EXCEEDED),
     841             :                      errmsg("out of memory"),
     842             :                      errdetail("String of %d bytes is too long for encoding conversion.",
     843             :                                len)));
     844             : 
     845           0 :         result = (char *) repalloc(result, resultlen + 1);
     846             :     }
     847             : 
     848         324 :     return result;
     849             : }
     850             : 
     851             : /*
     852             :  * Convert a single Unicode code point into a string in the server encoding.
     853             :  *
     854             :  * The code point given by "c" is converted and stored at *s, which must
     855             :  * have at least MAX_UNICODE_EQUIVALENT_STRING+1 bytes available.
     856             :  * The output will have a trailing '\0'.  Throws error if the conversion
     857             :  * cannot be performed.
     858             :  *
     859             :  * Note that this relies on having previously looked up any required
     860             :  * conversion function.  That's partly for speed but mostly because the parser
     861             :  * may call this outside any transaction, or in an aborted transaction.
     862             :  */
     863             : void
     864         638 : pg_unicode_to_server(pg_wchar c, unsigned char *s)
     865             : {
     866             :     unsigned char c_as_utf8[MAX_MULTIBYTE_CHAR_LEN + 1];
     867             :     int         c_as_utf8_len;
     868             :     int         server_encoding;
     869             : 
     870             :     /*
     871             :      * Complain if invalid Unicode code point.  The choice of errcode here is
     872             :      * debatable, but really our caller should have checked this anyway.
     873             :      */
     874         638 :     if (!is_valid_unicode_codepoint(c))
     875           0 :         ereport(ERROR,
     876             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_SYNTAX_ERROR),
     877             :                  errmsg("invalid Unicode code point")));
     878             : 
     879             :     /* Otherwise, if it's in ASCII range, conversion is trivial */
     880         638 :     if (c <= 0x7F)
     881             :     {
     882         262 :         s[0] = (unsigned char) c;
     883         262 :         s[1] = '\0';
     884         638 :         return;
     885             :     }
     886             : 
     887             :     /* If the server encoding is UTF-8, we just need to reformat the code */
     888         376 :     server_encoding = GetDatabaseEncoding();
     889         376 :     if (server_encoding == PG_UTF8)
     890             :     {
     891         376 :         unicode_to_utf8(c, s);
     892         376 :         s[pg_utf_mblen(s)] = '\0';
     893         376 :         return;
     894             :     }
     895             : 
     896             :     /* For all other cases, we must have a conversion function available */
     897           0 :     if (Utf8ToServerConvProc == NULL)
     898           0 :         ereport(ERROR,
     899             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_FEATURE_NOT_SUPPORTED),
     900             :                  errmsg("conversion between %s and %s is not supported",
     901             :                         pg_enc2name_tbl[PG_UTF8].name,
     902             :                         GetDatabaseEncodingName())));
     903             : 
     904             :     /* Construct UTF-8 source string */
     905           0 :     unicode_to_utf8(c, c_as_utf8);
     906           0 :     c_as_utf8_len = pg_utf_mblen(c_as_utf8);
     907           0 :     c_as_utf8[c_as_utf8_len] = '\0';
     908             : 
     909             :     /* Convert, or throw error if we can't */
     910           0 :     FunctionCall6(Utf8ToServerConvProc,
     911             :                   Int32GetDatum(PG_UTF8),
     912             :                   Int32GetDatum(server_encoding),
     913             :                   CStringGetDatum((char *) c_as_utf8),
     914             :                   CStringGetDatum((char *) s),
     915             :                   Int32GetDatum(c_as_utf8_len),
     916             :                   BoolGetDatum(false));
     917             : }
     918             : 
     919             : /*
     920             :  * Convert a single Unicode code point into a string in the server encoding.
     921             :  *
     922             :  * Same as pg_unicode_to_server(), except that we don't throw errors,
     923             :  * but simply return false on conversion failure.
     924             :  */
     925             : bool
     926          84 : pg_unicode_to_server_noerror(pg_wchar c, unsigned char *s)
     927             : {
     928             :     unsigned char c_as_utf8[MAX_MULTIBYTE_CHAR_LEN + 1];
     929             :     int         c_as_utf8_len;
     930             :     int         converted_len;
     931             :     int         server_encoding;
     932             : 
     933             :     /* Fail if invalid Unicode code point */
     934          84 :     if (!is_valid_unicode_codepoint(c))
     935           0 :         return false;
     936             : 
     937             :     /* Otherwise, if it's in ASCII range, conversion is trivial */
     938          84 :     if (c <= 0x7F)
     939             :     {
     940          24 :         s[0] = (unsigned char) c;
     941          24 :         s[1] = '\0';
     942          24 :         return true;
     943             :     }
     944             : 
     945             :     /* If the server encoding is UTF-8, we just need to reformat the code */
     946          60 :     server_encoding = GetDatabaseEncoding();
     947          60 :     if (server_encoding == PG_UTF8)
     948             :     {
     949          60 :         unicode_to_utf8(c, s);
     950          60 :         s[pg_utf_mblen(s)] = '\0';
     951          60 :         return true;
     952             :     }
     953             : 
     954             :     /* For all other cases, we must have a conversion function available */
     955           0 :     if (Utf8ToServerConvProc == NULL)
     956           0 :         return false;
     957             : 
     958             :     /* Construct UTF-8 source string */
     959           0 :     unicode_to_utf8(c, c_as_utf8);
     960           0 :     c_as_utf8_len = pg_utf_mblen(c_as_utf8);
     961           0 :     c_as_utf8[c_as_utf8_len] = '\0';
     962             : 
     963             :     /* Convert, but without throwing error if we can't */
     964           0 :     converted_len = DatumGetInt32(FunctionCall6(Utf8ToServerConvProc,
     965             :                                                 Int32GetDatum(PG_UTF8),
     966             :                                                 Int32GetDatum(server_encoding),
     967             :                                                 CStringGetDatum((char *) c_as_utf8),
     968             :                                                 CStringGetDatum((char *) s),
     969             :                                                 Int32GetDatum(c_as_utf8_len),
     970             :                                                 BoolGetDatum(true)));
     971             : 
     972             :     /* Conversion was successful iff it consumed the whole input */
     973           0 :     return (converted_len == c_as_utf8_len);
     974             : }
     975             : 
     976             : 
     977             : /* convert a multibyte string to a wchar */
     978             : int
     979           0 : pg_mb2wchar(const char *from, pg_wchar *to)
     980             : {
     981           0 :     return pg_wchar_table[DatabaseEncoding->encoding].mb2wchar_with_len((const unsigned char *) from, to, strlen(from));
     982             : }
     983             : 
     984             : /* convert a multibyte string to a wchar with a limited length */
     985             : int
     986      965282 : pg_mb2wchar_with_len(const char *from, pg_wchar *to, int len)
     987             : {
     988      965282 :     return pg_wchar_table[DatabaseEncoding->encoding].mb2wchar_with_len((const unsigned char *) from, to, len);
     989             : }
     990             : 
     991             : /* same, with any encoding */
     992             : int
     993       18280 : pg_encoding_mb2wchar_with_len(int encoding,
     994             :                               const char *from, pg_wchar *to, int len)
     995             : {
     996       18280 :     return pg_wchar_table[encoding].mb2wchar_with_len((const unsigned char *) from, to, len);
     997             : }
     998             : 
     999             : /* convert a wchar string to a multibyte */
    1000             : int
    1001           0 : pg_wchar2mb(const pg_wchar *from, char *to)
    1002             : {
    1003           0 :     return pg_wchar_table[DatabaseEncoding->encoding].wchar2mb_with_len(from, (unsigned char *) to, pg_wchar_strlen(from));
    1004             : }
    1005             : 
    1006             : /* convert a wchar string to a multibyte with a limited length */
    1007             : int
    1008     1112430 : pg_wchar2mb_with_len(const pg_wchar *from, char *to, int len)
    1009             : {
    1010     1112430 :     return pg_wchar_table[DatabaseEncoding->encoding].wchar2mb_with_len(from, (unsigned char *) to, len);
    1011             : }
    1012             : 
    1013             : /* same, with any encoding */
    1014             : int
    1015           0 : pg_encoding_wchar2mb_with_len(int encoding,
    1016             :                               const pg_wchar *from, char *to, int len)
    1017             : {
    1018           0 :     return pg_wchar_table[encoding].wchar2mb_with_len(from, (unsigned char *) to, len);
    1019             : }
    1020             : 
    1021             : /* returns the byte length of a multibyte character */
    1022             : int
    1023   249324518 : pg_mblen(const char *mbstr)
    1024             : {
    1025   249324518 :     return pg_wchar_table[DatabaseEncoding->encoding].mblen((const unsigned char *) mbstr);
    1026             : }
    1027             : 
    1028             : /* returns the display length of a multibyte character */
    1029             : int
    1030        8724 : pg_dsplen(const char *mbstr)
    1031             : {
    1032        8724 :     return pg_wchar_table[DatabaseEncoding->encoding].dsplen((const unsigned char *) mbstr);
    1033             : }
    1034             : 
    1035             : /* returns the length (counted in wchars) of a multibyte string */
    1036             : int
    1037         702 : pg_mbstrlen(const char *mbstr)
    1038             : {
    1039         702 :     int         len = 0;
    1040             : 
    1041             :     /* optimization for single byte encoding */
    1042         702 :     if (pg_database_encoding_max_length() == 1)
    1043           0 :         return strlen(mbstr);
    1044             : 
    1045        1626 :     while (*mbstr)
    1046             :     {
    1047         924 :         mbstr += pg_mblen(mbstr);
    1048         924 :         len++;
    1049             :     }
    1050         702 :     return len;
    1051             : }
    1052             : 
    1053             : /* returns the length (counted in wchars) of a multibyte string
    1054             :  * (not necessarily NULL terminated)
    1055             :  */
    1056             : int
    1057     1530514 : pg_mbstrlen_with_len(const char *mbstr, int limit)
    1058             : {
    1059     1530514 :     int         len = 0;
    1060             : 
    1061             :     /* optimization for single byte encoding */
    1062     1530514 :     if (pg_database_encoding_max_length() == 1)
    1063      400010 :         return limit;
    1064             : 
    1065   217820624 :     while (limit > 0 && *mbstr)
    1066             :     {
    1067   216690120 :         int         l = pg_mblen(mbstr);
    1068             : 
    1069   216690120 :         limit -= l;
    1070   216690120 :         mbstr += l;
    1071   216690120 :         len++;
    1072             :     }
    1073     1130504 :     return len;
    1074             : }
    1075             : 
    1076             : /*
    1077             :  * returns the byte length of a multibyte string
    1078             :  * (not necessarily NULL terminated)
    1079             :  * that is no longer than limit.
    1080             :  * this function does not break multibyte character boundary.
    1081             :  */
    1082             : int
    1083      215348 : pg_mbcliplen(const char *mbstr, int len, int limit)
    1084             : {
    1085      215348 :     return pg_encoding_mbcliplen(DatabaseEncoding->encoding, mbstr,
    1086             :                                  len, limit);
    1087             : }
    1088             : 
    1089             : /*
    1090             :  * pg_mbcliplen with specified encoding
    1091             :  */
    1092             : int
    1093      215348 : pg_encoding_mbcliplen(int encoding, const char *mbstr,
    1094             :                       int len, int limit)
    1095             : {
    1096             :     mblen_converter mblen_fn;
    1097      215348 :     int         clen = 0;
    1098             :     int         l;
    1099             : 
    1100             :     /* optimization for single byte encoding */
    1101      215348 :     if (pg_encoding_max_length(encoding) == 1)
    1102       26330 :         return cliplen(mbstr, len, limit);
    1103             : 
    1104      189018 :     mblen_fn = pg_wchar_table[encoding].mblen;
    1105             : 
    1106     2097834 :     while (len > 0 && *mbstr)
    1107             :     {
    1108     1991734 :         l = (*mblen_fn) ((const unsigned char *) mbstr);
    1109     1991734 :         if ((clen + l) > limit)
    1110          82 :             break;
    1111     1991652 :         clen += l;
    1112     1991652 :         if (clen == limit)
    1113       82836 :             break;
    1114     1908816 :         len -= l;
    1115     1908816 :         mbstr += l;
    1116             :     }
    1117      189018 :     return clen;
    1118             : }
    1119             : 
    1120             : /*
    1121             :  * Similar to pg_mbcliplen except the limit parameter specifies the
    1122             :  * character length, not the byte length.
    1123             :  */
    1124             : int
    1125         516 : pg_mbcharcliplen(const char *mbstr, int len, int limit)
    1126             : {
    1127         516 :     int         clen = 0;
    1128         516 :     int         nch = 0;
    1129             :     int         l;
    1130             : 
    1131             :     /* optimization for single byte encoding */
    1132         516 :     if (pg_database_encoding_max_length() == 1)
    1133           0 :         return cliplen(mbstr, len, limit);
    1134             : 
    1135        2274 :     while (len > 0 && *mbstr)
    1136             :     {
    1137        2256 :         l = pg_mblen(mbstr);
    1138        2256 :         nch++;
    1139        2256 :         if (nch > limit)
    1140         498 :             break;
    1141        1758 :         clen += l;
    1142        1758 :         len -= l;
    1143        1758 :         mbstr += l;
    1144             :     }
    1145         516 :     return clen;
    1146             : }
    1147             : 
    1148             : /* mbcliplen for any single-byte encoding */
    1149             : static int
    1150       26330 : cliplen(const char *str, int len, int limit)
    1151             : {
    1152       26330 :     int         l = 0;
    1153             : 
    1154       26330 :     len = Min(len, limit);
    1155      221252 :     while (l < len && str[l])
    1156      194922 :         l++;
    1157       26330 :     return l;
    1158             : }
    1159             : 
    1160             : void
    1161       23630 : SetDatabaseEncoding(int encoding)
    1162             : {
    1163       23630 :     if (!PG_VALID_BE_ENCODING(encoding))
    1164           0 :         elog(ERROR, "invalid database encoding: %d", encoding);
    1165             : 
    1166       23630 :     DatabaseEncoding = &pg_enc2name_tbl[encoding];
    1167             :     Assert(DatabaseEncoding->encoding == encoding);
    1168       23630 : }
    1169             : 
    1170             : void
    1171       26728 : SetMessageEncoding(int encoding)
    1172             : {
    1173             :     /* Some calls happen before we can elog()! */
    1174             :     Assert(PG_VALID_ENCODING(encoding));
    1175             : 
    1176       26728 :     MessageEncoding = &pg_enc2name_tbl[encoding];
    1177             :     Assert(MessageEncoding->encoding == encoding);
    1178       26728 : }
    1179             : 
    1180             : #ifdef ENABLE_NLS
    1181             : /*
    1182             :  * Make one bind_textdomain_codeset() call, translating a pg_enc to a gettext
    1183             :  * codeset.  Fails for MULE_INTERNAL, an encoding unknown to gettext; can also
    1184             :  * fail for gettext-internal causes like out-of-memory.
    1185             :  */
    1186             : static bool
    1187        3150 : raw_pg_bind_textdomain_codeset(const char *domainname, int encoding)
    1188             : {
    1189        3150 :     bool        elog_ok = (CurrentMemoryContext != NULL);
    1190             : 
    1191        3150 :     if (!PG_VALID_ENCODING(encoding) || pg_enc2gettext_tbl[encoding] == NULL)
    1192           0 :         return false;
    1193             : 
    1194        3150 :     if (bind_textdomain_codeset(domainname,
    1195             :                                 pg_enc2gettext_tbl[encoding]) != NULL)
    1196        3150 :         return true;
    1197             : 
    1198           0 :     if (elog_ok)
    1199           0 :         elog(LOG, "bind_textdomain_codeset failed");
    1200             :     else
    1201           0 :         write_stderr("bind_textdomain_codeset failed");
    1202             : 
    1203           0 :     return false;
    1204             : }
    1205             : 
    1206             : /*
    1207             :  * Bind a gettext message domain to the codeset corresponding to the database
    1208             :  * encoding.  For SQL_ASCII, instead bind to the codeset implied by LC_CTYPE.
    1209             :  * Return the MessageEncoding implied by the new settings.
    1210             :  *
    1211             :  * On most platforms, gettext defaults to the codeset implied by LC_CTYPE.
    1212             :  * When that matches the database encoding, we don't need to do anything.  In
    1213             :  * CREATE DATABASE, we enforce or trust that the locale's codeset matches the
    1214             :  * database encoding, except for the C locale.  (On Windows, we also permit a
    1215             :  * discrepancy under the UTF8 encoding.)  For the C locale, explicitly bind
    1216             :  * gettext to the right codeset.
    1217             :  *
    1218             :  * On Windows, gettext defaults to the Windows ANSI code page.  This is a
    1219             :  * convenient departure for software that passes the strings to Windows ANSI
    1220             :  * APIs, but we don't do that.  Compel gettext to use database encoding or,
    1221             :  * failing that, the LC_CTYPE encoding as it would on other platforms.
    1222             :  *
    1223             :  * This function is called before elog() and palloc() are usable.
    1224             :  */
    1225             : int
    1226       30250 : pg_bind_textdomain_codeset(const char *domainname)
    1227             : {
    1228       30250 :     bool        elog_ok = (CurrentMemoryContext != NULL);
    1229       30250 :     int         encoding = GetDatabaseEncoding();
    1230             :     int         new_msgenc;
    1231             : 
    1232             : #ifndef WIN32
    1233       30250 :     const char *ctype = setlocale(LC_CTYPE, NULL);
    1234             : 
    1235       30250 :     if (pg_strcasecmp(ctype, "C") == 0 || pg_strcasecmp(ctype, "POSIX") == 0)
    1236             : #endif
    1237        7034 :         if (encoding != PG_SQL_ASCII &&
    1238        3150 :             raw_pg_bind_textdomain_codeset(domainname, encoding))
    1239        3150 :             return encoding;
    1240             : 
    1241       27100 :     new_msgenc = pg_get_encoding_from_locale(NULL, elog_ok);
    1242       27100 :     if (new_msgenc < 0)
    1243           0 :         new_msgenc = PG_SQL_ASCII;
    1244             : 
    1245             : #ifdef WIN32
    1246             :     if (!raw_pg_bind_textdomain_codeset(domainname, new_msgenc))
    1247             :         /* On failure, the old message encoding remains valid. */
    1248             :         return GetMessageEncoding();
    1249             : #endif
    1250             : 
    1251       27100 :     return new_msgenc;
    1252             : }
    1253             : #endif
    1254             : 
    1255             : /*
    1256             :  * The database encoding, also called the server encoding, represents the
    1257             :  * encoding of data stored in text-like data types.  Affected types include
    1258             :  * cstring, text, varchar, name, xml, and json.
    1259             :  */
    1260             : int
    1261    16002974 : GetDatabaseEncoding(void)
    1262             : {
    1263    16002974 :     return DatabaseEncoding->encoding;
    1264             : }
    1265             : 
    1266             : const char *
    1267       49294 : GetDatabaseEncodingName(void)
    1268             : {
    1269       49294 :     return DatabaseEncoding->name;
    1270             : }
    1271             : 
    1272             : Datum
    1273         100 : getdatabaseencoding(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
    1274             : {
    1275         100 :     return DirectFunctionCall1(namein, CStringGetDatum(DatabaseEncoding->name));
    1276             : }
    1277             : 
    1278             : Datum
    1279           0 : pg_client_encoding(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
    1280             : {
    1281           0 :     return DirectFunctionCall1(namein, CStringGetDatum(ClientEncoding->name));
    1282             : }
    1283             : 
    1284             : Datum
    1285          54 : PG_char_to_encoding(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
    1286             : {
    1287          54 :     Name        s = PG_GETARG_NAME(0);
    1288             : 
    1289          54 :     PG_RETURN_INT32(pg_char_to_encoding(NameStr(*s)));
    1290             : }
    1291             : 
    1292             : Datum
    1293        4860 : PG_encoding_to_char(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
    1294             : {
    1295        4860 :     int32       encoding = PG_GETARG_INT32(0);
    1296        4860 :     const char *encoding_name = pg_encoding_to_char(encoding);
    1297             : 
    1298        4860 :     return DirectFunctionCall1(namein, CStringGetDatum(encoding_name));
    1299             : }
    1300             : 
    1301             : /*
    1302             :  * gettext() returns messages in this encoding.  This often matches the
    1303             :  * database encoding, but it differs for SQL_ASCII databases, for processes
    1304             :  * not attached to a database, and under a database encoding lacking iconv
    1305             :  * support (MULE_INTERNAL).
    1306             :  */
    1307             : int
    1308           0 : GetMessageEncoding(void)
    1309             : {
    1310           0 :     return MessageEncoding->encoding;
    1311             : }
    1312             : 
    1313             : 
    1314             : /*
    1315             :  * Generic character incrementer function.
    1316             :  *
    1317             :  * Not knowing anything about the properties of the encoding in use, we just
    1318             :  * keep incrementing the last byte until we get a validly-encoded result,
    1319             :  * or we run out of values to try.  We don't bother to try incrementing
    1320             :  * higher-order bytes, so there's no growth in runtime for wider characters.
    1321             :  * (If we did try to do that, we'd need to consider the likelihood that 255
    1322             :  * is not a valid final byte in the encoding.)
    1323             :  */
    1324             : static bool
    1325         104 : pg_generic_charinc(unsigned char *charptr, int len)
    1326             : {
    1327         104 :     unsigned char *lastbyte = charptr + len - 1;
    1328             :     mbchar_verifier mbverify;
    1329             : 
    1330             :     /* We can just invoke the character verifier directly. */
    1331         104 :     mbverify = pg_wchar_table[GetDatabaseEncoding()].mbverifychar;
    1332             : 
    1333         104 :     while (*lastbyte < (unsigned char) 255)
    1334             :     {
    1335         104 :         (*lastbyte)++;
    1336         104 :         if ((*mbverify) (charptr, len) == len)
    1337         104 :             return true;
    1338             :     }
    1339             : 
    1340           0 :     return false;
    1341             : }
    1342             : 
    1343             : /*
    1344             :  * UTF-8 character incrementer function.
    1345             :  *
    1346             :  * For a one-byte character less than 0x7F, we just increment the byte.
    1347             :  *
    1348             :  * For a multibyte character, every byte but the first must fall between 0x80
    1349             :  * and 0xBF; and the first byte must be between 0xC0 and 0xF4.  We increment
    1350             :  * the last byte that's not already at its maximum value.  If we can't find a
    1351             :  * byte that's less than the maximum allowable value, we simply fail.  We also
    1352             :  * need some special-case logic to skip regions used for surrogate pair
    1353             :  * handling, as those should not occur in valid UTF-8.
    1354             :  *
    1355             :  * Note that we don't reset lower-order bytes back to their minimums, since
    1356             :  * we can't afford to make an exhaustive search (see make_greater_string).
    1357             :  */
    1358             : static bool
    1359        2410 : pg_utf8_increment(unsigned char *charptr, int length)
    1360             : {
    1361             :     unsigned char a;
    1362             :     unsigned char limit;
    1363             : 
    1364        2410 :     switch (length)
    1365             :     {
    1366           0 :         default:
    1367             :             /* reject lengths 5 and 6 for now */
    1368           0 :             return false;
    1369           0 :         case 4:
    1370           0 :             a = charptr[3];
    1371           0 :             if (a < 0xBF)
    1372             :             {
    1373           0 :                 charptr[3]++;
    1374           0 :                 break;
    1375             :             }
    1376             :             /* FALL THRU */
    1377             :         case 3:
    1378           0 :             a = charptr[2];
    1379           0 :             if (a < 0xBF)
    1380             :             {
    1381           0 :                 charptr[2]++;
    1382           0 :                 break;
    1383             :             }
    1384             :             /* FALL THRU */
    1385             :         case 2:
    1386           0 :             a = charptr[1];
    1387           0 :             switch (*charptr)
    1388             :             {
    1389           0 :                 case 0xED:
    1390           0 :                     limit = 0x9F;
    1391           0 :                     break;
    1392           0 :                 case 0xF4:
    1393           0 :                     limit = 0x8F;
    1394           0 :                     break;
    1395           0 :                 default:
    1396           0 :                     limit = 0xBF;
    1397           0 :                     break;
    1398             :             }
    1399           0 :             if (a < limit)
    1400             :             {
    1401           0 :                 charptr[1]++;
    1402           0 :                 break;
    1403             :             }
    1404             :             /* FALL THRU */
    1405             :         case 1:
    1406        2410 :             a = *charptr;
    1407        2410 :             if (a == 0x7F || a == 0xDF || a == 0xEF || a == 0xF4)
    1408           0 :                 return false;
    1409        2410 :             charptr[0]++;
    1410        2410 :             break;
    1411             :     }
    1412             : 
    1413        2410 :     return true;
    1414             : }
    1415             : 
    1416             : /*
    1417             :  * EUC-JP character incrementer function.
    1418             :  *
    1419             :  * If the sequence starts with SS2 (0x8e), it must be a two-byte sequence
    1420             :  * representing JIS X 0201 characters with the second byte ranging between
    1421             :  * 0xa1 and 0xdf.  We just increment the last byte if it's less than 0xdf,
    1422             :  * and otherwise rewrite the whole sequence to 0xa1 0xa1.
    1423             :  *
    1424             :  * If the sequence starts with SS3 (0x8f), it must be a three-byte sequence
    1425             :  * in which the last two bytes range between 0xa1 and 0xfe.  The last byte
    1426             :  * is incremented if possible, otherwise the second-to-last byte.
    1427             :  *
    1428             :  * If the sequence starts with a value other than the above and its MSB
    1429             :  * is set, it must be a two-byte sequence representing JIS X 0208 characters
    1430             :  * with both bytes ranging between 0xa1 and 0xfe.  The last byte is
    1431             :  * incremented if possible, otherwise the second-to-last byte.
    1432             :  *
    1433             :  * Otherwise, the sequence is a single-byte ASCII character. It is
    1434             :  * incremented up to 0x7f.
    1435             :  */
    1436             : static bool
    1437           0 : pg_eucjp_increment(unsigned char *charptr, int length)
    1438             : {
    1439             :     unsigned char c1,
    1440             :                 c2;
    1441             :     int         i;
    1442             : 
    1443           0 :     c1 = *charptr;
    1444             : 
    1445           0 :     switch (c1)
    1446             :     {
    1447           0 :         case SS2:               /* JIS X 0201 */
    1448           0 :             if (length != 2)
    1449           0 :                 return false;
    1450             : 
    1451           0 :             c2 = charptr[1];
    1452             : 
    1453           0 :             if (c2 >= 0xdf)
    1454           0 :                 charptr[0] = charptr[1] = 0xa1;
    1455           0 :             else if (c2 < 0xa1)
    1456           0 :                 charptr[1] = 0xa1;
    1457             :             else
    1458           0 :                 charptr[1]++;
    1459           0 :             break;
    1460             : 
    1461           0 :         case SS3:               /* JIS X 0212 */
    1462           0 :             if (length != 3)
    1463           0 :                 return false;
    1464             : 
    1465           0 :             for (i = 2; i > 0; i--)
    1466             :             {
    1467           0 :                 c2 = charptr[i];
    1468           0 :                 if (c2 < 0xa1)
    1469             :                 {
    1470           0 :                     charptr[i] = 0xa1;
    1471           0 :                     return true;
    1472             :                 }
    1473           0 :                 else if (c2 < 0xfe)
    1474             :                 {
    1475           0 :                     charptr[i]++;
    1476           0 :                     return true;
    1477             :                 }
    1478             :             }
    1479             : 
    1480             :             /* Out of 3-byte code region */
    1481           0 :             return false;
    1482             : 
    1483           0 :         default:
    1484           0 :             if (IS_HIGHBIT_SET(c1)) /* JIS X 0208? */
    1485             :             {
    1486           0 :                 if (length != 2)
    1487           0 :                     return false;
    1488             : 
    1489           0 :                 for (i = 1; i >= 0; i--)
    1490             :                 {
    1491           0 :                     c2 = charptr[i];
    1492           0 :                     if (c2 < 0xa1)
    1493             :                     {
    1494           0 :                         charptr[i] = 0xa1;
    1495           0 :                         return true;
    1496             :                     }
    1497           0 :                     else if (c2 < 0xfe)
    1498             :                     {
    1499           0 :                         charptr[i]++;
    1500           0 :                         return true;
    1501             :                     }
    1502             :                 }
    1503             : 
    1504             :                 /* Out of 2 byte code region */
    1505           0 :                 return false;
    1506             :             }
    1507             :             else
    1508             :             {                   /* ASCII, single byte */
    1509           0 :                 if (c1 > 0x7e)
    1510           0 :                     return false;
    1511           0 :                 (*charptr)++;
    1512             :             }
    1513           0 :             break;
    1514             :     }
    1515             : 
    1516           0 :     return true;
    1517             : }
    1518             : 
    1519             : /*
    1520             :  * get the character incrementer for the encoding for the current database
    1521             :  */
    1522             : mbcharacter_incrementer
    1523        2514 : pg_database_encoding_character_incrementer(void)
    1524             : {
    1525             :     /*
    1526             :      * Eventually it might be best to add a field to pg_wchar_table[], but for
    1527             :      * now we just use a switch.
    1528             :      */
    1529        2514 :     switch (GetDatabaseEncoding())
    1530             :     {
    1531        2410 :         case PG_UTF8:
    1532        2410 :             return pg_utf8_increment;
    1533             : 
    1534           0 :         case PG_EUC_JP:
    1535           0 :             return pg_eucjp_increment;
    1536             : 
    1537         104 :         default:
    1538         104 :             return pg_generic_charinc;
    1539             :     }
    1540             : }
    1541             : 
    1542             : /*
    1543             :  * fetch maximum length of the encoding for the current database
    1544             :  */
    1545             : int
    1546    12246586 : pg_database_encoding_max_length(void)
    1547             : {
    1548    12246586 :     return pg_wchar_table[GetDatabaseEncoding()].maxmblen;
    1549             : }
    1550             : 
    1551             : /*
    1552             :  * Verify mbstr to make sure that it is validly encoded in the current
    1553             :  * database encoding.  Otherwise same as pg_verify_mbstr().
    1554             :  */
    1555             : bool
    1556        4438 : pg_verifymbstr(const char *mbstr, int len, bool noError)
    1557             : {
    1558        4438 :     return pg_verify_mbstr(GetDatabaseEncoding(), mbstr, len, noError);
    1559             : }
    1560             : 
    1561             : /*
    1562             :  * Verify mbstr to make sure that it is validly encoded in the specified
    1563             :  * encoding.
    1564             :  */
    1565             : bool
    1566     1006416 : pg_verify_mbstr(int encoding, const char *mbstr, int len, bool noError)
    1567             : {
    1568             :     int         oklen;
    1569             : 
    1570             :     Assert(PG_VALID_ENCODING(encoding));
    1571             : 
    1572     1006416 :     oklen = pg_wchar_table[encoding].mbverifystr((const unsigned char *) mbstr, len);
    1573     1006416 :     if (oklen != len)
    1574             :     {
    1575           8 :         if (noError)
    1576           0 :             return false;
    1577           8 :         report_invalid_encoding(encoding, mbstr + oklen, len - oklen);
    1578             :     }
    1579     1006408 :     return true;
    1580             : }
    1581             : 
    1582             : /*
    1583             :  * Verify mbstr to make sure that it is validly encoded in the specified
    1584             :  * encoding.
    1585             :  *
    1586             :  * mbstr is not necessarily zero terminated; length of mbstr is
    1587             :  * specified by len.
    1588             :  *
    1589             :  * If OK, return length of string in the encoding.
    1590             :  * If a problem is found, return -1 when noError is
    1591             :  * true; when noError is false, ereport() a descriptive message.
    1592             :  *
    1593             :  * Note: We cannot use the faster encoding-specific mbverifystr() function
    1594             :  * here, because we need to count the number of characters in the string.
    1595             :  */
    1596             : int
    1597           0 : pg_verify_mbstr_len(int encoding, const char *mbstr, int len, bool noError)
    1598             : {
    1599             :     mbchar_verifier mbverifychar;
    1600             :     int         mb_len;
    1601             : 
    1602             :     Assert(PG_VALID_ENCODING(encoding));
    1603             : 
    1604             :     /*
    1605             :      * In single-byte encodings, we need only reject nulls (\0).
    1606             :      */
    1607           0 :     if (pg_encoding_max_length(encoding) <= 1)
    1608             :     {
    1609           0 :         const char *nullpos = memchr(mbstr, 0, len);
    1610             : 
    1611           0 :         if (nullpos == NULL)
    1612           0 :             return len;
    1613           0 :         if (noError)
    1614           0 :             return -1;
    1615           0 :         report_invalid_encoding(encoding, nullpos, 1);
    1616             :     }
    1617             : 
    1618             :     /* fetch function pointer just once */
    1619           0 :     mbverifychar = pg_wchar_table[encoding].mbverifychar;
    1620             : 
    1621           0 :     mb_len = 0;
    1622             : 
    1623           0 :     while (len > 0)
    1624             :     {
    1625             :         int         l;
    1626             : 
    1627             :         /* fast path for ASCII-subset characters */
    1628           0 :         if (!IS_HIGHBIT_SET(*mbstr))
    1629             :         {
    1630           0 :             if (*mbstr != '\0')
    1631             :             {
    1632           0 :                 mb_len++;
    1633           0 :                 mbstr++;
    1634           0 :                 len--;
    1635           0 :                 continue;
    1636             :             }
    1637           0 :             if (noError)
    1638           0 :                 return -1;
    1639           0 :             report_invalid_encoding(encoding, mbstr, len);
    1640             :         }
    1641             : 
    1642           0 :         l = (*mbverifychar) ((const unsigned char *) mbstr, len);
    1643             : 
    1644           0 :         if (l < 0)
    1645             :         {
    1646           0 :             if (noError)
    1647           0 :                 return -1;
    1648           0 :             report_invalid_encoding(encoding, mbstr, len);
    1649             :         }
    1650             : 
    1651           0 :         mbstr += l;
    1652           0 :         len -= l;
    1653           0 :         mb_len++;
    1654             :     }
    1655           0 :     return mb_len;
    1656             : }
    1657             : 
    1658             : /*
    1659             :  * check_encoding_conversion_args: check arguments of a conversion function
    1660             :  *
    1661             :  * "expected" arguments can be either an encoding ID or -1 to indicate that
    1662             :  * the caller will check whether it accepts the ID.
    1663             :  *
    1664             :  * Note: the errors here are not really user-facing, so elog instead of
    1665             :  * ereport seems sufficient.  Also, we trust that the "expected" encoding
    1666             :  * arguments are valid encoding IDs, but we don't trust the actuals.
    1667             :  */
    1668             : void
    1669        6862 : check_encoding_conversion_args(int src_encoding,
    1670             :                                int dest_encoding,
    1671             :                                int len,
    1672             :                                int expected_src_encoding,
    1673             :                                int expected_dest_encoding)
    1674             : {
    1675        6862 :     if (!PG_VALID_ENCODING(src_encoding))
    1676           0 :         elog(ERROR, "invalid source encoding ID: %d", src_encoding);
    1677        6862 :     if (src_encoding != expected_src_encoding && expected_src_encoding >= 0)
    1678           0 :         elog(ERROR, "expected source encoding \"%s\", but got \"%s\"",
    1679             :              pg_enc2name_tbl[expected_src_encoding].name,
    1680             :              pg_enc2name_tbl[src_encoding].name);
    1681        6862 :     if (!PG_VALID_ENCODING(dest_encoding))
    1682           0 :         elog(ERROR, "invalid destination encoding ID: %d", dest_encoding);
    1683        6862 :     if (dest_encoding != expected_dest_encoding && expected_dest_encoding >= 0)
    1684           0 :         elog(ERROR, "expected destination encoding \"%s\", but got \"%s\"",
    1685             :              pg_enc2name_tbl[expected_dest_encoding].name,
    1686             :              pg_enc2name_tbl[dest_encoding].name);
    1687        6862 :     if (len < 0)
    1688           0 :         elog(ERROR, "encoding conversion length must not be negative");
    1689        6862 : }
    1690             : 
    1691             : /*
    1692             :  * report_invalid_encoding: complain about invalid multibyte character
    1693             :  *
    1694             :  * note: len is remaining length of string, not length of character;
    1695             :  * len must be greater than zero, as we always examine the first byte.
    1696             :  */
    1697             : void
    1698        2942 : report_invalid_encoding(int encoding, const char *mbstr, int len)
    1699             : {
    1700        2942 :     int         l = pg_encoding_mblen(encoding, mbstr);
    1701             :     char        buf[8 * 5 + 1];
    1702        2942 :     char       *p = buf;
    1703             :     int         j,
    1704             :                 jlimit;
    1705             : 
    1706        2942 :     jlimit = Min(l, len);
    1707        2942 :     jlimit = Min(jlimit, 8);    /* prevent buffer overrun */
    1708             : 
    1709        9118 :     for (j = 0; j < jlimit; j++)
    1710             :     {
    1711        6176 :         p += sprintf(p, "0x%02x", (unsigned char) mbstr[j]);
    1712        6176 :         if (j < jlimit - 1)
    1713        3234 :             p += sprintf(p, " ");
    1714             :     }
    1715             : 
    1716        2942 :     ereport(ERROR,
    1717             :             (errcode(ERRCODE_CHARACTER_NOT_IN_REPERTOIRE),
    1718             :              errmsg("invalid byte sequence for encoding \"%s\": %s",
    1719             :                     pg_enc2name_tbl[encoding].name,
    1720             :                     buf)));
    1721             : }
    1722             : 
    1723             : /*
    1724             :  * report_untranslatable_char: complain about untranslatable character
    1725             :  *
    1726             :  * note: len is remaining length of string, not length of character;
    1727             :  * len must be greater than zero, as we always examine the first byte.
    1728             :  */
    1729             : void
    1730         936 : report_untranslatable_char(int src_encoding, int dest_encoding,
    1731             :                            const char *mbstr, int len)
    1732             : {
    1733         936 :     int         l = pg_encoding_mblen(src_encoding, mbstr);
    1734             :     char        buf[8 * 5 + 1];
    1735         936 :     char       *p = buf;
    1736             :     int         j,
    1737             :                 jlimit;
    1738             : 
    1739         936 :     jlimit = Min(l, len);
    1740         936 :     jlimit = Min(jlimit, 8);    /* prevent buffer overrun */
    1741             : 
    1742        3528 :     for (j = 0; j < jlimit; j++)
    1743             :     {
    1744        2592 :         p += sprintf(p, "0x%02x", (unsigned char) mbstr[j]);
    1745        2592 :         if (j < jlimit - 1)
    1746        1656 :             p += sprintf(p, " ");
    1747             :     }
    1748             : 
    1749         936 :     ereport(ERROR,
    1750             :             (errcode(ERRCODE_UNTRANSLATABLE_CHARACTER),
    1751             :              errmsg("character with byte sequence %s in encoding \"%s\" has no equivalent in encoding \"%s\"",
    1752             :                     buf,
    1753             :                     pg_enc2name_tbl[src_encoding].name,
    1754             :                     pg_enc2name_tbl[dest_encoding].name)));
    1755             : }
    1756             : 
    1757             : 
    1758             : #ifdef WIN32
    1759             : /*
    1760             :  * Convert from MessageEncoding to a palloc'ed, null-terminated utf16
    1761             :  * string. The character length is also passed to utf16len if not
    1762             :  * null. Returns NULL iff failed. Before MessageEncoding initialization, "str"
    1763             :  * should be ASCII-only; this will function as though MessageEncoding is UTF8.
    1764             :  */
    1765             : WCHAR *
    1766             : pgwin32_message_to_UTF16(const char *str, int len, int *utf16len)
    1767             : {
    1768             :     int         msgenc = GetMessageEncoding();
    1769             :     WCHAR      *utf16;
    1770             :     int         dstlen;
    1771             :     UINT        codepage;
    1772             : 
    1773             :     if (msgenc == PG_SQL_ASCII)
    1774             :         /* No conversion is possible, and SQL_ASCII is never utf16. */
    1775             :         return NULL;
    1776             : 
    1777             :     codepage = pg_enc2name_tbl[msgenc].codepage;
    1778             : 
    1779             :     /*
    1780             :      * Use MultiByteToWideChar directly if there is a corresponding codepage,
    1781             :      * or double conversion through UTF8 if not.  Double conversion is needed,
    1782             :      * for example, in an ENCODING=LATIN8, LC_CTYPE=C database.
    1783             :      */
    1784             :     if (codepage != 0)
    1785             :     {
    1786             :         utf16 = (WCHAR *) palloc(sizeof(WCHAR) * (len + 1));
    1787             :         dstlen = MultiByteToWideChar(codepage, 0, str, len, utf16, len);
    1788             :         utf16[dstlen] = (WCHAR) 0;
    1789             :     }
    1790             :     else
    1791             :     {
    1792             :         char       *utf8;
    1793             : 
    1794             :         /*
    1795             :          * XXX pg_do_encoding_conversion() requires a transaction.  In the
    1796             :          * absence of one, hope for the input to be valid UTF8.
    1797             :          */
    1798             :         if (IsTransactionState())
    1799             :         {
    1800             :             utf8 = (char *) pg_do_encoding_conversion((unsigned char *) str,
    1801             :                                                       len,
    1802             :                                                       msgenc,
    1803             :                                                       PG_UTF8);
    1804             :             if (utf8 != str)
    1805             :                 len = strlen(utf8);
    1806             :         }
    1807             :         else
    1808             :             utf8 = (char *) str;
    1809             : 
    1810             :         utf16 = (WCHAR *) palloc(sizeof(WCHAR) * (len + 1));
    1811             :         dstlen = MultiByteToWideChar(CP_UTF8, 0, utf8, len, utf16, len);
    1812             :         utf16[dstlen] = (WCHAR) 0;
    1813             : 
    1814             :         if (utf8 != str)
    1815             :             pfree(utf8);
    1816             :     }
    1817             : 
    1818             :     if (dstlen == 0 && len > 0)
    1819             :     {
    1820             :         pfree(utf16);
    1821             :         return NULL;            /* error */
    1822             :     }
    1823             : 
    1824             :     if (utf16len)
    1825             :         *utf16len = dstlen;
    1826             :     return utf16;
    1827             : }
    1828             : 
    1829             : #endif                          /* WIN32 */

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