LCOV - code coverage report
Current view: top level - src/backend/access/tablesample - system.c (source / functions) Hit Total Coverage
Test: PostgreSQL 17devel Lines: 65 65 100.0 %
Date: 2024-04-13 09:11:47 Functions: 6 6 100.0 %
Legend: Lines: hit not hit

          Line data    Source code
       1             : /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
       2             :  *
       3             :  * system.c
       4             :  *    support routines for SYSTEM tablesample method
       5             :  *
       6             :  * To ensure repeatability of samples, it is necessary that selection of a
       7             :  * given tuple be history-independent; otherwise syncscanning would break
       8             :  * repeatability, to say nothing of logically-irrelevant maintenance such
       9             :  * as physical extension or shortening of the relation.
      10             :  *
      11             :  * To achieve that, we proceed by hashing each candidate block number together
      12             :  * with the active seed, and then selecting it if the hash is less than the
      13             :  * cutoff value computed from the selection probability by BeginSampleScan.
      14             :  *
      15             :  *
      16             :  * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2024, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
      17             :  * Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
      18             :  *
      19             :  * IDENTIFICATION
      20             :  *    src/backend/access/tablesample/system.c
      21             :  *
      22             :  *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
      23             :  */
      24             : 
      25             : #include "postgres.h"
      26             : 
      27             : #include <math.h>
      28             : 
      29             : #include "access/tsmapi.h"
      30             : #include "catalog/pg_type.h"
      31             : #include "common/hashfn.h"
      32             : #include "optimizer/optimizer.h"
      33             : #include "utils/fmgrprotos.h"
      34             : 
      35             : 
      36             : /* Private state */
      37             : typedef struct
      38             : {
      39             :     uint64      cutoff;         /* select blocks with hash less than this */
      40             :     uint32      seed;           /* random seed */
      41             :     BlockNumber nextblock;      /* next block to consider sampling */
      42             :     OffsetNumber lt;            /* last tuple returned from current block */
      43             : } SystemSamplerData;
      44             : 
      45             : 
      46             : static void system_samplescangetsamplesize(PlannerInfo *root,
      47             :                                            RelOptInfo *baserel,
      48             :                                            List *paramexprs,
      49             :                                            BlockNumber *pages,
      50             :                                            double *tuples);
      51             : static void system_initsamplescan(SampleScanState *node,
      52             :                                   int eflags);
      53             : static void system_beginsamplescan(SampleScanState *node,
      54             :                                    Datum *params,
      55             :                                    int nparams,
      56             :                                    uint32 seed);
      57             : static BlockNumber system_nextsampleblock(SampleScanState *node, BlockNumber nblocks);
      58             : static OffsetNumber system_nextsampletuple(SampleScanState *node,
      59             :                                            BlockNumber blockno,
      60             :                                            OffsetNumber maxoffset);
      61             : 
      62             : 
      63             : /*
      64             :  * Create a TsmRoutine descriptor for the SYSTEM method.
      65             :  */
      66             : Datum
      67         610 : tsm_system_handler(PG_FUNCTION_ARGS)
      68             : {
      69         610 :     TsmRoutine *tsm = makeNode(TsmRoutine);
      70             : 
      71         610 :     tsm->parameterTypes = list_make1_oid(FLOAT4OID);
      72         610 :     tsm->repeatable_across_queries = true;
      73         610 :     tsm->repeatable_across_scans = true;
      74         610 :     tsm->SampleScanGetSampleSize = system_samplescangetsamplesize;
      75         610 :     tsm->InitSampleScan = system_initsamplescan;
      76         610 :     tsm->BeginSampleScan = system_beginsamplescan;
      77         610 :     tsm->NextSampleBlock = system_nextsampleblock;
      78         610 :     tsm->NextSampleTuple = system_nextsampletuple;
      79         610 :     tsm->EndSampleScan = NULL;
      80             : 
      81         610 :     PG_RETURN_POINTER(tsm);
      82             : }
      83             : 
      84             : /*
      85             :  * Sample size estimation.
      86             :  */
      87             : static void
      88         144 : system_samplescangetsamplesize(PlannerInfo *root,
      89             :                                RelOptInfo *baserel,
      90             :                                List *paramexprs,
      91             :                                BlockNumber *pages,
      92             :                                double *tuples)
      93             : {
      94             :     Node       *pctnode;
      95             :     float4      samplefract;
      96             : 
      97             :     /* Try to extract an estimate for the sample percentage */
      98         144 :     pctnode = (Node *) linitial(paramexprs);
      99         144 :     pctnode = estimate_expression_value(root, pctnode);
     100             : 
     101         144 :     if (IsA(pctnode, Const) &&
     102          84 :         !((Const *) pctnode)->constisnull)
     103             :     {
     104          78 :         samplefract = DatumGetFloat4(((Const *) pctnode)->constvalue);
     105          78 :         if (samplefract >= 0 && samplefract <= 100 && !isnan(samplefract))
     106          66 :             samplefract /= 100.0f;
     107             :         else
     108             :         {
     109             :             /* Default samplefract if the value is bogus */
     110          12 :             samplefract = 0.1f;
     111             :         }
     112             :     }
     113             :     else
     114             :     {
     115             :         /* Default samplefract if we didn't obtain a non-null Const */
     116          66 :         samplefract = 0.1f;
     117             :     }
     118             : 
     119             :     /* We'll visit a sample of the pages ... */
     120         144 :     *pages = clamp_row_est(baserel->pages * samplefract);
     121             : 
     122             :     /* ... and hopefully get a representative number of tuples from them */
     123         144 :     *tuples = clamp_row_est(baserel->tuples * samplefract);
     124         144 : }
     125             : 
     126             : /*
     127             :  * Initialize during executor setup.
     128             :  */
     129             : static void
     130         144 : system_initsamplescan(SampleScanState *node, int eflags)
     131             : {
     132         144 :     node->tsm_state = palloc0(sizeof(SystemSamplerData));
     133         144 : }
     134             : 
     135             : /*
     136             :  * Examine parameters and prepare for a sample scan.
     137             :  */
     138             : static void
     139          84 : system_beginsamplescan(SampleScanState *node,
     140             :                        Datum *params,
     141             :                        int nparams,
     142             :                        uint32 seed)
     143             : {
     144          84 :     SystemSamplerData *sampler = (SystemSamplerData *) node->tsm_state;
     145          84 :     double      percent = DatumGetFloat4(params[0]);
     146             :     double      dcutoff;
     147             : 
     148          84 :     if (percent < 0 || percent > 100 || isnan(percent))
     149          12 :         ereport(ERROR,
     150             :                 (errcode(ERRCODE_INVALID_TABLESAMPLE_ARGUMENT),
     151             :                  errmsg("sample percentage must be between 0 and 100")));
     152             : 
     153             :     /*
     154             :      * The cutoff is sample probability times (PG_UINT32_MAX + 1); we have to
     155             :      * store that as a uint64, of course.  Note that this gives strictly
     156             :      * correct behavior at the limits of zero or one probability.
     157             :      */
     158          72 :     dcutoff = rint(((double) PG_UINT32_MAX + 1) * percent / 100);
     159          72 :     sampler->cutoff = (uint64) dcutoff;
     160          72 :     sampler->seed = seed;
     161          72 :     sampler->nextblock = 0;
     162          72 :     sampler->lt = InvalidOffsetNumber;
     163             : 
     164             :     /*
     165             :      * Bulkread buffer access strategy probably makes sense unless we're
     166             :      * scanning a very small fraction of the table.  The 1% cutoff here is a
     167             :      * guess.  We should use pagemode visibility checking, since we scan all
     168             :      * tuples on each selected page.
     169             :      */
     170          72 :     node->use_bulkread = (percent >= 1);
     171          72 :     node->use_pagemode = true;
     172          72 : }
     173             : 
     174             : /*
     175             :  * Select next block to sample.
     176             :  */
     177             : static BlockNumber
     178        4326 : system_nextsampleblock(SampleScanState *node, BlockNumber nblocks)
     179             : {
     180        4326 :     SystemSamplerData *sampler = (SystemSamplerData *) node->tsm_state;
     181        4326 :     BlockNumber nextblock = sampler->nextblock;
     182             :     uint32      hashinput[2];
     183             : 
     184             :     /*
     185             :      * We compute the hash by applying hash_any to an array of 2 uint32's
     186             :      * containing the block number and seed.  This is efficient to set up, and
     187             :      * with the current implementation of hash_any, it gives
     188             :      * machine-independent results, which is a nice property for regression
     189             :      * testing.
     190             :      *
     191             :      * These words in the hash input are the same throughout the block:
     192             :      */
     193        4326 :     hashinput[1] = sampler->seed;
     194             : 
     195             :     /*
     196             :      * Loop over block numbers until finding suitable block or reaching end of
     197             :      * relation.
     198             :      */
     199        8532 :     for (; nextblock < nblocks; nextblock++)
     200             :     {
     201             :         uint32      hash;
     202             : 
     203        8466 :         hashinput[0] = nextblock;
     204             : 
     205        8466 :         hash = DatumGetUInt32(hash_any((const unsigned char *) hashinput,
     206             :                                        (int) sizeof(hashinput)));
     207        8466 :         if (hash < sampler->cutoff)
     208        4260 :             break;
     209             :     }
     210             : 
     211        4326 :     if (nextblock < nblocks)
     212             :     {
     213             :         /* Found a suitable block; remember where we should start next time */
     214        4260 :         sampler->nextblock = nextblock + 1;
     215        4260 :         return nextblock;
     216             :     }
     217             : 
     218             :     /* Done, but let's reset nextblock to 0 for safety. */
     219          66 :     sampler->nextblock = 0;
     220          66 :     return InvalidBlockNumber;
     221             : }
     222             : 
     223             : /*
     224             :  * Select next sampled tuple in current block.
     225             :  *
     226             :  * In block sampling, we just want to sample all the tuples in each selected
     227             :  * block.
     228             :  *
     229             :  * It is OK here to return an offset without knowing if the tuple is visible
     230             :  * (or even exists); nodeSamplescan.c will deal with that.
     231             :  *
     232             :  * When we reach end of the block, return InvalidOffsetNumber which tells
     233             :  * SampleScan to go to next block.
     234             :  */
     235             : static OffsetNumber
     236      124578 : system_nextsampletuple(SampleScanState *node,
     237             :                        BlockNumber blockno,
     238             :                        OffsetNumber maxoffset)
     239             : {
     240      124578 :     SystemSamplerData *sampler = (SystemSamplerData *) node->tsm_state;
     241      124578 :     OffsetNumber tupoffset = sampler->lt;
     242             : 
     243             :     /* Advance to next possible offset on page */
     244      124578 :     if (tupoffset == InvalidOffsetNumber)
     245        4260 :         tupoffset = FirstOffsetNumber;
     246             :     else
     247      120318 :         tupoffset++;
     248             : 
     249             :     /* Done? */
     250      124578 :     if (tupoffset > maxoffset)
     251        4254 :         tupoffset = InvalidOffsetNumber;
     252             : 
     253      124578 :     sampler->lt = tupoffset;
     254             : 
     255      124578 :     return tupoffset;
     256             : }

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